E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium

World Electronic Journals Impact Factor



International Association of Multidisciplinary Research Journal

Title: The Connection between Moral Commitments and Psychological Health
Name: RAMEZAN MAHDAVI AZADBONI
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The significant role of moral values and moral commitments in human life is neglected neither by philosophers nor by psychologists. One of considerable points regarding the role and function of moral value concerns psychological function and achievement. This paper deals with the psychological role and function fulfilled by moral commitment. According to religious teachings psychological aspect of human life has connection with moral commitment. The writer attempts to explain how moral values and commitment could be related to psychological health. The discussion is confined to general understanding of moral values in all world religions but mostly the references are limited to Islamic teachings.

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Title: Teacher’s Efficacy as Predictor of Self- Efficacy Among Students In Pakistan
Name: TANZILA NABEEL & HUMA ZAFAR
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The study examined the role of teachers’ self-efficacy as a predictor of general perceived self-efficacy among students. For this purpose, a sample of 300 teachers and 300 students was selected from different educational institutions of Pakistan. Teachers were categorized into two groups; experienced and inexperienced. To achieve the objectives of the study two instruments i.e.; Teachers’ self-efficacy Scale and General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES) were used. In addition short demographic sheets for the teachers and students were used indicating teachers’ institutional affiliation and experience, and students’ educational institutes, ages and gender. Part I of the study dealt with determining the psychometric properties of the scales and the pilot study and Part II consisted of the main study. Statistical analyses of the main study revealed a significant positive correlation between teachers’ self-efficacy and general self-efficacy among students. Experienced teachers showed more teachers’ self-efficacy as compared to inexperienced teachers. Overall mean scores of female students were comparatively higher on General self-efficacy scale as compared to the male students. Students belonging to the late adolescence showed more self-efficacy as compared to the students categorized as early adolescence group. Simple linear regression analyses suggested that teacher self-efficacy contribute positively to self-efficacy among students.

Keywords: Teachers’ self-efficacy, General perceived self-efficacy
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Title: Reflections of Two Distinct Principals: Preliminary Perspectives on How the Principal Preparation Programme Contributed to their Self-Efficacy Development
Name: SANTHANAMARY AP R., ANTHONY HAMDAN BIN SAID
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Effective principal preparation is a strategic necessity to face the forthcoming “tsunami” of challenges associated with the leadership position in the 21st century. This recognition of the need for specific preparation for aspiring school leaders has been slower to emerge worldwide and in many developing countries such as Malaysia, preparatory training is still not a prerequisite requirement for appointment as a principal. This paper reports on the preliminary findings on the principal preparation program in Malaysia and the effectiveness of the program elements in contributing to the self- efficacy development of the aspiring principals. The qualitative study captured the “live experiences” of two distinct principals and presents their perspectives on how specific elements within their principal preparation program catered to their self- efficacy development. Reflections of the principals led to the conclusion that, although the principal preparation program was viewed as effective in imparting knowledge and skills needed for principal leadership but it could still improve on inducing purposeful elements or experiences to enhance the sources of efficacy beliefs which are vital for self-efficacy development.

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Self-efficacy, Principal Preparation Program, Aspiring Principals, Sources of Efficacy Beliefs, Self-Efficacy Development.

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Title: Moral Change in a Global Village: Islamic Perspective
Name: SEYED ALI AKBAR RABONATAJ, RAMEZAN MAHDAVI AZADBONI
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The attacks and criticism against ethics is a common part of philosophy. In modern age, due to scientific revolution and its great achievement and development, some scholars argue against any ethical system based on religion. But in the present century, the attacks against ethical role of religion take a different shape. Present century is distinguished from other centuries by its Information-Technology character .It is easy to see with wonder how Information-Technology has reduced the world to a global village through internet and satellite. The question is whether in such a world –global village-moral values are workable and possible? Educational and moral values, in general, aim at producing desired changes in the new generation. This goal was always fulfilled through building limited condition and making barriers. Today, it is impossible to keep new generations away from other cultures due to Information-Technology. It means in global village, making barriers do not work, and in such a world how one can fulfill moral values? The aim of this paper is to discuss the role of moral values in global village by giving a spiritual notion of humanity. I attempt to the possibility of ethical role of religion in contemporary globe by discussing Islamic ethical principles.

Keywords: education, religion, global village, value
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Title: Mapping of Elementary Educational Infrastructure in India: A State and District Level Analysis
Name: VIPAN KUMAR, NARESH KUMAR , SAPNA NARULA
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Education plays an important role in a country’s development process. Indian education system comprises the elementary, secondary and tertiary levels. Over two decades India registered a significant growth in the educational infrastructure at tertiary level of education but elementary and secondary levels of education are struggling with low accessibility of infrastructure and resources. This is affecting the quality of education particularly at elementary level of education which is responsible for growth in secondary and tertiary education. The assessment of infrastructure across the country is very difficult due to regional inequalities and economic diversities. This paper is an attempt to map accessibility of infrastructure at elementary level of education at district and state level in India. For mapping and analysis, advance computation techniques like GIS and contour mapping techniques are used. A novel technique and algorithm was developed to represent the data in various formats in the qualitative way; to the knowledge of the authors this novel representation of data is hitherto unreported in the open literature. Analysis confirms that there are regional inequalities in the accessibility of required infrastructure and in some states the situation is pathetic despite various government initiatives.

Keywords: Elementary education, GIS, Mapping, Contours
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Title: Managing Talent for Competitive Advantage: Perspective from Gulf Cooperation Council Nationals
Name: LIZA M. GERNAL, ROMMEL P. SERGIO, SAUD MOHAMMED HAMEDAL-RAWAHI
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In managing the new age, talent management serves as the bloodline of organizations to cope with the labor market and to compete globally. This study threshed out the lived experiences of respondents (n=4) who are Corporate Executive Officers (CEO) in multinational organizations within the Gulf Cooperation Council. Part of the selection criteria, all respondents are locals and within the age of 45 and above. The researchers employed the descriptive approach with case study as the method via in-depth personal interview. It was found out that many challenging workforce issues within GCC confront the organizations today including: low levels of employee engagement, self-organizing scheme, high turnover rates, managing diversity, succession planning programs, and leadership investment. To be competitive, specific interventions were also shared by the respondents.

Keywords: Talent management, low levels of employee engagement, high turnover rates, managing diversity, and succession planning programs
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Title: Information System Development of Competence-Based Appraisal in Higher Education Institution
Name: MOCHAMAD NURHADI,TATIK SURYANI, TJAHJANI PRAWITOWATI, LUTFI
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The performance appraisal system is considered an important factor for managing human resources in higher education institutions (HEIs). More importantly, when Information System (IS) is utilized for assisting such efforts, it inevitably makes the HEIs more efficient and competitive. This research attempts to integrate performance appraisal using competence-based appraisal (CBA). From this system, the HEIs are supposed to able to manage all activities related to their human resources and carriers. The methodology implemented in this research is by making the software of CBA model (the concept) and then the try out was done to find out both the weaknesses and strengths of the software, and finally the improvement was conducted as well. In addition, the evaluation of these software covers the aspects of validity and reliability testing so that the software are really proved to be completely applicable. The results provide the HEIs with information about both the weaknesses and strengths and therefore the system was made perfect based on such findings. It can be concluded that using CBA in HEIs, all the activities related to human recourses in HEIs can be rated. Thus, this CBA system enables the HEIs to do their human resources appraisal more accurately.

Keywords: CBA, software, performance appraisal system(PAS)
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Title: Identifying the correlation between the gender and knowledge of the South African consumer in the selection of grocery products
Name: MICHAEL C. CANT, LOUISE VAN SCHEERS
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The knowledge that consumers have of products and services as well as other factors serves as an indicator as to which product or store to “pick”. The products and store location add to the ease with which consumers are able to cherry pick. This article has its focal point the South African customer and the motives for cherry picking and to establish if there is a relationship between price knowledge, consumer knowledge and gender. To some extent it was expected that females would be more knowledgeable about prices of grocery products and this was indeed the case. These same consumers are also well informed about promotions on grocery products. The conducted research concludes that gender has an influence on the knowledge that the South African consumers have on product prices, the types of stores and product assortment. The results also shows that the South African consumers is able to confidently cherry pick over more than one day due to their increased knowledge of prices offered on different products at different stores. This wider level of knowledge results in them being able to participate in cherry picking more readily than a consumer who has more limited price knowledge. The research findings also clearly indicate that there is a significant relationship between price knowledge, consumer knowledge and gender.

Keywords: Customer behaviour, product knowledge, loyalty, cherry picking, product price knowledge; and gender
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Title: Female Criminals of Pakistan: Personal and Socio-demographic Profiles
Name: GUL MUHAMMAD BALOCH
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Pakistan is the male-dominated society. In such a scenario of ‘subjugation’, we find females involved in crimes. This exploratory study was conducted in Women’s prisons of Sindh province of Pakistan. It was a ‘census’ population of 100 respondents. Findings showed inmates were involved in six types of crimes i.e. Drug Trafficking (26), Murder of Husband (25), Kidnapping (23), Murder (18), Robbery/Theft (5), Child Trafficking (2) and Extra-marital relationships (1). Marxist-Feminist criminologists mention poverty and patriarchal society as etiology of the causation of female crime; findings support this theory. Out of 100 respondents, 72 were illiterates; 76 belonged to very poor and poor families. Husbands of only 17 inmates had jobs, 5 were old/ill/begging, 11 were doing nothing/gambling, while remaining 57 were farmers / laborers. Only 5 inmates were treated normally while husbands of 36 inmates had bad and violent behavior. Husbands of 42 inmates were 10-20 years older than them. Thirty out of 100 women inmates had male co-accused; almost half of them were male family members

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Title: Efficacy of Plagiarism Detection Software for Quality Assurance of a Research Journal
Name: GENARO V. JAPOS, BERNARD A. GUTIERREZ , JUN BRIAN P. TUBONGBANUA
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Plagiarism in research undermines credibility of journal publications. Plagiarism detection addresses this problem. The study validated the efficacy of the plagiarism detector software for quality assurance of a journal publication. Using descriptive method, the study examined 66 plagiarism detector reports and compared the extent of originality and plagiarism of the research article before and after adoption of the plagiarism detector accumulator technology. Results reveal that the journal had a high level of originality (91.31%) and low level of plagiarism (8.34%). Only 23.72 percent of the 550 detected cases were validated as true plagiarism, giving the software an efficacy rate of 24 percent. The sources of plagiarism included the web links, wikipedia, news, social networking sites, and blogs, among others. The use of these sources indicated the citation of grey literature and non-authoritative sources. Failure to properly document sources was the main cause 49 of plagiarism. The software, however, cannot penetrate the secured databases of subscription journals-thus; plagiarism from these sources evades detection. Plagiarism detection software is effective in intercepting plagiarized sources which elude the scrutiny of the editorial board prior to final publication. The editorial board’s strong quality assurance mechanism and the intervention scheme reduced the incidents of plagiarism in 2009.

Keywords: plagiarism, plagiarism detection software, journal publication, originality
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Title: Development Transformation Experienced by Marginalized Beneficiaries of a Government Sponsored Microfinance Program
Name: EMILIANA J. LOZANO and GENARO V. JAPOS
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A microfinance program involves livelihood access through borrowed capital to capacitate women in marginalized communities to improve their quality of life. The study elicited the perceptions of beneficiaries on the transformation in their lives as a result of their availment of microfinance program of the City Social Welfare and Development Office of Butuan City. The study utilized descriptive method adopting qualitative research technique by means of focused group discussion, personal interview and on-site observations. The study revealed that technology acquisition was the most appreciated area of development because it enabled them to start their projects efficiently and handle them effectively as compared to doing things by their common sense. They realized the need to pay their loan on time for use by others rather than delving on dole- 37 out-mentality. They understood that aving money in the bank is a form of investment rather than hiding it in any part of their house with no future benefit. They learned how to absorb instruction, clarify matters and comply with the needed output. The study concludes that the beneficiaries affirmed the tangible benefits translated to development of their greater capacity to access capital, utilize the same productively and support their socio-economic needs.

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Title: Developing a GIS for Rural Villages in the Philippines
Name: ALEJANDRO F. TONGCO
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This paper is an introduction to applying geographic information systems (GIS) technology specifically to rural villages in the Philippines. GIS is a relatively new and valuable tool in decision making that is useful in managing organizations and applicable in a wide range of disciplines including agriculture, public health, natural resource management, and local governance. Rural village governance, although well-established, has been largely untouched by GIS technology. This paper lays out steps to develop a GIS that is uniquely village-based and home-grown. The ultimate goal is to empower villagers to set the direction and implementation of their own village’s development efforts. The steps discuss how to build an inexpensive GIS for rural villages with the help of a GIS expert-coach. Village participation, interest of GIS technician-trainees, and village financial capability are some important considerations in village GIS capability building. A simple GIS for an actual village is also hypothetically illustrated.

Keywords: Geographic Information system, rural villages
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Title: Confucius on Virtues: Paradigm of Social and Moral Order
Name: EDDIE R. BABOR
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This paper explores Confucius’ concept of virtues. This is achieved by analyzing his thoughts on Ren, Zhong, Shu, Yi, Li, and Xiao. The paper seeks to apply Confucius’s thoughts on these virtues as a paradigm for a transformed social and moral order. The paper argues that if confucius’ ideas on these virtues are applied, the world will be transformed into a more decent, just, and humane locus for all human beings to dwell. Ren, as human-heartedness, Zhong and Shu as the two ways through which Ren can be practiced, while Yi as rectitude or righteousness, with Li as propriety, and finally, with Xiao as devotion and respect to parents, there is no doubt that there will be no more chaos, disorder, conflict, and antagonism, but peace and harmony in the whole world.

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Title: International Association of Multidisciplinary Research Journal
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