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ASIST Research Journal

Title: ASIST Research Journal
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Title: Germplasm Collection and Characterization of Natural Dye-Yielding Plants
Name: Guitolio G. Batoon, Sr
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A study to identify and collect the sources of natural dyes that were used by hand cloth weavers in Namarabar, Peñarubia, Abra.

The members of the Agaid Family headed by Mr. Luis Agaid and her sister Norma Agaid were chosen as the respondents of the study due to the existence of local indigenous knowledge and skills, willingness and enthusiasm of the informants to share their expertise in the native weaving industry, and accessibility of the place for proper coordination with the researchers. Results have shown that the used of indigenous knowledge and skills in color extraction, cloth dyeing, embroidery, and weaving was already a technology of the Agaid Family in the afore-cited place. It is also a sort of livelihood to sustain their meager income in subsistence farming. Furthermore, hand weaving and cloth dyeing practices are maintained to preserve the indigenous culture and tradition of the Tingguians particularly the Inlaod tribe.

From the findings and experiences of the respondents, nineteen (19) species were identified with the researchers as sources of natural dyes. Thirteen (13) were trees, four herbs, one edible shrubs and one medicinal vine. Aside from sources of natural dyes, some of the species have economic values; sustain food for human and domesticated animals, provide construction materials, and used in medicinal preparation. The identification and description of the specie by their common, scientific, and family names are cited in the discussion of results.

Of the nineteen identified natural dye-yielding plants, thirteen were propagated at the germplasm site of ASIST Main Campus. The researchers learned the indigenous method of color extraction from the respondents while the new technology of natural dye production was formulated by the Katutubong Kulay Project and the PTRI Laboratory in Metro Manila. The new technology is transforming the liquid form of natural dye into powder form.

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Title: A Compendium of Indigenous Vegetables of Abra
Name: Mildred B. Adaoag
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This study primarily aimed to compile indigenous vegetables commonly found in Abra. Specifically, it characterized indigenous vegetables in terms of scientific name, morphological structures, growth habits, nutritional contents, and their cultural requirements. It documented the morphology of the vegetable species. Descriptive analysis was applied as a research design for the compendium of the specimens.Sample specimens were brought to UP Diliman Department of Botany for scientific identification. Actual structures were described in the ASIST Bio lab through the use of microscopes aided by a classification and description key surfed from the web and other library references. Edible structures of each specimen were brought to SLU-NSRU, DOST-Baguio, or UNP Vigan for chemical analysis. Samples of seeds were planted and observed until fruiting time. Pictures or diagrams of each structure were taken or made for documentation.

Data included the classification and identification of each species, its morphological characteristics, its growth habits, and its chemical contents and other cultural requirements of each crop. Five of the seventeen species were newly identified by UP Diliman Department of Botany: Bagbagura and Siksiklat belong to family Leguminosae, Ampupuyat belongs to family Asclepiadaceae , Karimbobet to family Olacaceae, and Pikaw to Family Aracaceae. They have similar root system, stem texture, ovary type, germination time and plant type. The rest of the group belongs to Tiliaceae, Araceae, Aspidiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Moraceae , Cucurbitaceae and Moringaceae. They differ in many aspects like leaf complexity and arrangement, flower style and inflorescence; fruit types, seed types, habitat, flowering and fruiting time, and type of reproduction. Each of them has its own peculiar characteristic different from all the others. They contain varying amounts of nutrition contents like carbohydrates, fats proteins, food calories, ash, fiber, and moisture including essential minerals and vitamins and other physiological active components. These indigenous plant species can be considered sources of essential nutrients for good nutrition and other chemical substances potential for disease prevention and treatment as they possess medicinal properties.

The wild species of crops can be domesticated and cultivated in backyard gardens or in small scale farming for household consumption as manifested by their wide range of adaptability.

It is recommended that a more in-depth characterization or research on improving varieties can be conducted for a more complete documentation. Further investigations on other ways of preparing them as food can be conducted in order to maximize their use and significance as vegetables.

Farmers can engage on a larger scale production considering the low cost requirements of these species. Campaigns for more species as vegetable potentials should be conducted.

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Title: Assessment of the Performance of the ASIST Multi-Purpose Cooperative from 1995-2007
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Gloria C. Banganan, Ph.D.& Isaias G. Banganan

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This study attempted to assess the performance of the ASIST Multi-Purpose Cooperative after thirteen years of continuous existence. Specifically, it aimed to: 1) describe the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of the respondents; 2) determine the level of awareness of the respondents on the existence and operation of the various services/programs offered by the AMPC; 3) identify the qualities and characteristics of the AMPC Management and Staff; 4) determine the level of performance of the AMPC in terms of effectiveness, efficiency and growth & development; 5) identify the benefits derived by the AMPC members from the cooperative.

Most of the respondents were married, composed of equal proportion of male and female in their late forties and early fifties, comprise of almost same proportion of teaching and non-teaching staff, w/permanent appointment, 11-30 years in service, bachelors and masters degree holders, with salary grade 11-20, and with monthly salary ranging from P5,540-P20,000.

The respondents were “very much aware” of the existence of regular loan, emergency loan , and consumer services; “aware” of the capital formation program, voucher accommodation service, and check encashment service; and “moderately aware” of the butchering services. The AMPC Management and Staff composed of the General Manager, Treasurer, Bookkeeper and Seller, were all perceived by the respondents as competent, patient, considerate, cheerful and honest. The programs/services offered by the AMPC which were perceived by the respondents as “Effective” included the consumer, regular loan, emergency loan and capital formation program. On the other hand, those perceived as “moderately effective” were butchering, voucher accommodation and check encashment.

The AMPC was found out to be “efficient” in terms of asset yield, operational self-sufficiency and rate of return on members share indicators. However, it was found out to be “not efficient” in terms of administrative efficiency indicator.

The AMPC registered a remarkable growth for the past 13 years of existence in terms of the following indicators : number of members, authorized capital, current assets, loan granted and net surplus. The benefits derived from the ASIST Multi-purpose Cooperative were as follows: 1) availability of consumer goods; 2) easy access to loans; 3) no collateral for loans; 4) increase share capital; 5) affordable price of commodities; 6) low interest on loans. Recommendations offered to accelerate the development of the AMPC included: a)undertake further studies as inputs to policy formulation by the Board of Directors ; b) intensify the role of the AMPC as Service provider in government service contracting scheme; c) explore the possibility of expanding the coverage of membership to other stakeholders like the students, parents, alumni, etc.;d) intensification and expansion of cooperative services; e)renovating and modernizing the AMPC building; f)linkaging and fund sourcing.

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Title: Gender Awareness of the Faculty, Staff and College Students of ASIST
Name:

Gloria C. Banganan, Ph.D.& Isaias G. Banganan

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The study primarily aimed to assess the level of awareness and the perception of the faculty, staff and college students of ASIST on gender equality. Specifically, it assessed the level of awareness of the male and female faculty, staff and college students of ASIST on the gender law. Assessed also the gender perception and the gender role at home of the male and female respondents. The study determined if significant differences exist on the level of awareness, perception and gender role at home of the three groups of respondents. It determined also the relationship of personal profile of the respondents to their level of awareness, perception and gender role they play at home.

The respondents of the study included, 55 faculty, 23 staff and 194 college students from both campuses of ASIST. Random sampling was done in taking the respondents of the study. Survey questionnaire was used to gather the needed data for the study. The data were analyzed and interpreted using the mean computation, ANOVA, LSD and Chi-square.

The significant findings of the study reveal that in terms of the awareness level of the three groups of respondents whether male or female on the gender law, they do not vary significantly from each other. This can be attributed to the activities initiated by the College to acquaint its people regarding the gender law i.e. conduct of seminars and integration of gender and development in the subjects of the faculty especially those teaching the Social Science subjects. Due to this, the students are aware of the gender law.

High significant difference exist on the perception of the students compared to the faculty and staff. The students moderately agree that the men are the superior sex while the women are the weaker sex. The faculty and staff disagree with this kind of perception.

Again, on the gender role at home, high significant difference exist on the responses of the students to that of the faculty and staff. Both the faculty and staff agree that household work and other affairs that concern the family is a shared responsibility between the husband and the wife. Experiencing the life of parents and their experience in their workplace have taught them to be gender sensitive. Whereas the student respondents, young and immature at that, have still that degree of gender insensitivity. Advocacy and study sessions need to be initiated to eliminate gender biases and misconceptions.

Among the respondents’ personal profile found to affect significantly their level of awareness on the gender law is the age for the staff, which means that the older the employee he tends to be more aware of the law. Number of years on the part of the students is also found to have significant relationship to their level of awareness. The existence of GAD Program in the institution added awareness to the students that’s why significant relationship exists. On the perception of the respondents on gender equality again the students’ number of years in school show significant relationship at .01 level. This shows that as the number of years stay in school increases, the students’ perception on gender equality also increases.

It is significant to note that married faculty respondents tend to be more sensitive in their gender role at home. Their experiences and exposure at home and in their workplace have sensitized them in their gender role at home.

From the findings of the study, the following were some of the recommendations given:
1.To increase the level of awareness of the ASIST Community regarding the law that promotes the granting of full equality of women to men, advocacy activities must be done. Advocacy activities should be done through constant practice and creativity.
2.Gender mainstreaming by the institution to review existing mandate, development directions, policies, projects and services to address gender equality issues.
3.More studies on gender should be made to have scientific bases in developing relevant and gender responsive program for the College

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Title: Mapping and Inventory of the Tingguian Ethno-Language
Name: Noel B. Begnalen
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This paper presents an inventory and mapping of the Tingguian ethno-Language, the dialects spoken by the different ethno-linguistic groups in the province of Abra. An inventory was conducted to know how many dialects are exactly existing in the Tingguian ethno-Language and mapped the exact places in the province where these are spoken. A comparison of sound and meaning was determined based on commonly used terms. The degree of intelligibility is also determined between the different dialects.

The result showed that there are eleven Tingguian ethno-dialects. Of the eleven dialects the common cognate is Inlaud which is a cognate of Ilokano except for Adasen and Mayodan. It also showed that some of the dialects are not exclusive per municipality.

The study likewise showed excessive barrowing and inter-barrowing among the different dialects. Words are only change on some of its segment to sound differently but it did not change the meanings of borrowed words.

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Title: Awareness, Acceptability and Perception of the Students, Faculty And Staff Towards the VMGO Of the Departments of Agriculture and Teacher Education
Name:

Mercy G. Palangdao, Joey de la Cruz & Marilyn J. Alagao

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The research was conducted to determine the level and reasons for awareness, actual and preferred sources of information, extent and reasons for acceptability/agreement and congruence of the ASIST VMGO b the students, faculty and staff.

Results showed that the respondents were moderately aware of the ASIST VMGO; that their reasons for awareness were: serve as guide, enough information is given, requirement for accreditation, self-interest and gives direction; that their actual sources of information were: discussion/explanation in class, flag ceremonies, poster, programs/convocations, meetings/assemblies, billboard, and leaflets; that their most preferred sources of information were: meetings/assemblies for staff; poster for faculty; and discussion/explanation in class for students; that they highly agree with the ASIST vision because it clearly reflects what ASIST hopes to be in the future; that they highly agree with the ASIST mission because it clearly reflects ASIST educational mandate; that they highly agree with the goal of the Department of Agriculture because it is realistic and attainable; that they highly agree with the goal of the Teacher Education Department because it is clearly stated; that they agreed that the actual educational practices and activities are congruent or in consonance with the ASIST VMGO under DAT-BAT, BEEd and BSEd Program

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Title: “Bodong” In The Province of Abra: Basis for Sustainability of Peace and the Justice System
Name:

Andres Malinnag, Ph.D. & Leticia Benebese, Ed.D

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BODONG is an Indigenous Conflict Management System (ICMS) or tribal justice system among tribes in some of the municipalities of Abra in particular and in the Cordillera Region in general.

The proponents used the sociological type of research survey. The triangulation approaches using of the questionnaire for the data gathering, documenting observations by way of community immersion, and the conduct of unstructured interviews using state of the art were also used to strengthen the result of the study.

The researchers dug at the imbedded cultural value of bodong as institution of tribal justice system in the province of Abra. It exposed the following information: profile of the respondents along age, sex, civil status, religious group/membership, highest educational attainment, tribe membership, dialect (native tongue use at home) and name of municipalities of the respondents of the study. The core of the study further exposed the following: the criminal and civil cases settled through the bodong justice system; the level of awareness and effectiveness of the bodong as an institution in the province of Abra; the cultural practices, rituals and formation in the conduct of the peace pact or bodong; and another is exposing the interest and impressions of selected key personalities from the grassroots to elite people of the province of Abra in the preservation of bodong.

At the end, the product of this endeavor could be a basis for formulating a resolution by the Cordillera Studies Center (CSC) addressed to the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) together with the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) recommending a follow-up study for the entire Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR); and possible offering of the indigenous peoples cultural tradition and practices as a general or elective subject in the in the degree program curriculum of the tertiary level. If the study will be adopted, this shows a sincere clear step towards preservation of indigenous cultural practices involving conflict management for sustainability of peace and the justice system among the various tribes of Abra in particular and the Cordillera Region in general.

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Title: Varietal Trials for Yam under ASIST Condition
Name: Amelia J. Cabintoy
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The study was conducted at the Abra State Institute of Sciences and Technology (ASIST ) Research Department, Lagangilang, Abra from February I, 2006 to March 31, 2008. It aimed to determine the best variety of yam under ASIST condition. The data gathered on the days of emergence was recorded daily for the six varieties in an experimental plants of fifteen per variety divided in three blocks in an area of 9 square meter per block. Data were averaged and analyzed. Result of the study revealed in the summary of the two trials that the Pilar violet and Aurora varieties had the longest days of emergence with a mean of 50 days, followed by Dimurian 49 days, Shiket 38 days, Daking and Pilar light violet with both 37 days. Analysis showed no significant differences. Result on the analysis of the two trials on the growth increment, Shiket maintained the most vigorous growth with a mean of 60.12 cm, followed by Daking with a mean of 43.39; Pilar light violet 37.52; Aurora a mean of 31.59;Dimurian 29.16 and Pilar violet 25.79 cm.. Analysis showed highly significant differences.

As to the summary on the weight of harvest in grams, Shiket was the heaviest since there had been no mortality, and the only variety which was not affected with pest and diseases, followed by Daking, Dimurian, Aurora, Pilar light violet and violet varieties in decreasing order. Result showed very significant differences among the varieties.

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Title: Yield Performance of Hybrid Rice Varieties Under Abra Lowland Ecosystem
Name: Alfredo B. Edwin Jr., Ph.D
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The study on the yield performance of hybrid rice varieties under Abra lowland ecosystem was conducted at the ASIST Research area during two rainy seasons in two consecutive years 2005-2006. Several hybrid rice varieties had been developed and released in the year 1997 up to the present. This study was then conceptualized to find out which among the numerous hybrid rice varieties is best adapted in Abra for the farmers to know the right hybrid rice to grow which would contribute to the improvement of rice production. This study aimed to determine the adaptability and performance of different hybrid rice varieties developed in lowland rice production. This is to identify the best hybrid rice variety in terms of yield and recommend it to Abra rice farmers.

Based on the findings of the study, the different hybrid rice varieties evaluated had significant effects on plant height at maturity, number of days to mature, number of tillers, number of productive tillers, number of filled and unfilled grains, length of panicle, weight of seeds, harvest index and yield. Moreover, all the varieties are found to be resistant to pest and diseases.

NSIC Rc 132, NSIC Rc 114, NSIC Rc 124, PSB Rc 72 and NSIC Rc 116 could be grown in Abra because these rice varieties have the highest yield that is even more than the 5.8 t national average production (PhilRice, 2004).

NSIC Rc 132 is therefore recommended as planting material among hybrid rice varieties because it produced favorable yield, produced more productive tillers and filled grains, produced longer panicles, heavy seeds, high harvest index and are accepted by consumers. In the absence of this variety, NSIC Rc 114, NSIC Rc 124, PSB Rc 72 and NSIC Rc 116 may also be used as planting material because they also exceeded the national average production.

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