E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium

World Electronic Journals Impact Factor



UNP Research Journal

Title: UNP Research Journal Vol 20
Name:
Abstract:
1. The Effect of Kakawate (Gliricidia sepium) Jacq. Kunth Ex Walph. Leaves on the Growth of Onions (Allium cepa) Alfredo R. Rabena and Karen F. Rabena
Page 1-12

2. Pre-Treatment Techniques for Enhancing Seed Germination Behavior and Early Growth of Bittaog (Calophyllum inophyllum L). Karen F. Rabena
Page 13-23

3. Development of Precast Concrete Forms Two Storey Concrete Structure Raymund P. Queypo
Page 21-35

4. Level of Acceptability of Roles and Performance of Barangay Health Workers in the Delivery of Basic Health Services Rosario B. Quitevis
Page 36-56

5.The Reading Literacy Extension Program of the University of Northern Philippines Ocarna B. Figuerres
Page 57-79

6. Decentralization Policy of Local Government Units in the First District of Ilocos Sur Christopher F. Bueno
Page 80-93

7. The Women in the Furniture Industry of San Vicente, Ilocos Sur Agustina R. Tactay Norie T. Tactay
Page 94-102
Keywords:
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Title: The Reading Literacy Extension Program of the University of Northern Philippines
Name: Ocarna B. Figuerres
Abstract:
This study aimed to assess the Reading Literacy Extension Program (RLEP) of the University of Northern Philippines through determination and analysis of the reading competencies of the pupil-clients during the implementation of the program and to assess the said program as a whole. The subjects of the study involved five groups: the Grades I - III public elementary pupils (non-readers and poor readers), the stakeholder, namely: teachers, school heads, parents and Local Government Units (LGU) officials of Vigan City and Sto. Domingo, Ilocos Sur. The assessment research design was employed using classroom tests, questionnaires and interview to gather data. Findings show that the RLEP improved remarkably the reading competencies of the pupils and strengthened their reading skills. The stakeholders rated the RLEP excellent. Parents significantly differed in their assessment on the RLEP from the other groups of stakeholders. The teachers, school heads and LGU officials’ assessment did not significantly differ. The stakeholders found the RLEP highly commendable which yielded to the formulation of laws by LGUs to support financially said program for its sustenance. To develop better reading comprehension of pupils, the use of mother tongue language is proposed. Continuous monitoring and evaluation of the program is recommended. Significant differences in the assessment of the four groups of stakeholders were obtained. The significant difference manifested in the assessment of the parents. No significant differences were found in the assessment of teachers, school heads and LGU officials. The stakeholders found the Reading Literacy program highly commendable. The LGU Officials instituted measures by drafting laws to address the issue on the difficulty of reading among public school pupils. It is recommended that the program should be continued. The use of the mother tongue language is proposed for pupils to have a better comprehension in reading. Close and continuous monitoring and evaluation should be done by the program implementers.
Keywords: reading, literacy, extension program
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Title: Research Productivity of Business Administration and Accountancy Faculty, University of Northern Philippines, Vigan City
Name: Jean S. Dumbrique And Teresita D. Alon
Abstract:
Utilizing the correlational design of descriptive method of research, this study determined the profile of the published researches from year of entry up to year 2008 of the regular faculty members of the first semester of school year 2008-2009 at the College of Business Administration and Accountancy (CBAA) of the University of Northern Philippines (UNP) as affected by some personal and professional factors. Findings showed that the CBAA faculty is characterized by predominance of members of the female sex, members of married status, of middle to senior age, with master’s degree, with academic rank of associate professor, and with official designations. Almost half of them receive monthly salary ranging from P10,001 – P20,000. Very few, however, have membership to scientific/research organizations. It was further revealed that it was in 2000 when the CBAA faculty had published researches for the first time. From 2000 to 2008, a total of 43 researches have been published and these were done by nearly half (19) of the 39 regular CBAA faculty members. More researches were done with co-authors than researches by single authors. Most of these researches are of college and curricular program levels, and over four-fifths were financed personally by the faculty researchers. All the researches were published in research journals and some of them, in addition to their publication, were also disseminated in lecture fora and research dissemination and utilization seminars. One research had also been disseminated, in addition to its publication, through poster display/exhibit. Majority of the regular CBAA faculty members have never participated in any research activity since their year of entry to the University up to year 2008.Of the eight personal and professional factors, membership in scientific/research organization and educational attainment came out as good indicators of faculty research productivity.
Keywords: research, productivity, faculty
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Title: Decentralization Policy of Local Government Units in the First District of Ilocos Sur
Name: Christopher F. Bueno
Abstract:
The study determined the effectiveness and responsiveness of the decentralization policy in the first district of Ilocos Sur. It employed the descriptive survey research design with documentary analysis on the provisions of Republic Act No. 7160 in the areas of basic services. The findings revealed that the group respondents had favorable responses with a descriptive evaluation of highly effective in the areas of (1) Community-Based Forestry Projects; (2) Municipal Agricultural Services; (3) Health Services and (4) Social Welfare Services. Furthermore, the group respondents had similar view as to the effectiveness and responsiveness of the decentralization policy for extension and on-site services and facilities and infrastructure services. It is indicated in this study that the visibility of the projects provides better insights in evaluating the development programs of the LGUs. However, there were varied responses as to the effectiveness and responsiveness of the decentralization policy for health services and social services. The primary respondents provided an objective evaluation as to the implementation of their implemented their programs while the secondary respondents evaluated the current state of health services and social services in the LGUs.
Keywords: decentralization, policy, local government, Ilocos Sur
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Title: The Reading Literacy Extension Program of the University of Northern Philippines
Name: Ocarna B. Figuerres
Abstract:
This study aimed to assess the Reading Literacy

Extension Program (RLEP) of the University of Northern Philippines through determination and analysis of the reading competencies of the pupil-clients during the implementation of the program and to assess the said program as a whole. The subjects of the study involved five groups: the Grades I - III public elementary pupils (non-readers and poor readers), the stakeholders, namely: teachers, school heads, parents and Local Government Unit (LGU) officials of Vigan City and Sto. Domingo, Ilocos Sur. The assessment research design was employed using classroom tests, questionnaires and interview to gather data. Findings show that the RLEP improved remarkably the reading competencies of the pupils and strengthened their reading skills. The stakeholders rated the RLEP excellent. Parents significantly differed in their assessment on the RLEP from the other groups of stakeholders. The teachers, school heads and LGU officials’ assessment did not significantly differ. The stakeholders found the RLEP highly commendable which yielded to the formulation of laws by LGUs to support financially said program for its sustenance. To develop better reading comprehension of pupils, the use of mother tongue language is proposed. Continuous monitoring and evaluation of the program is recommended.

Keywords: reading, literacy, extension program
Files:
Title: The Effect of Kakawate (Gliricidia sepium) Jacq. Kunth ex Walph. Leaves on the Growth of Onions (Allium cepa )
Name: Alfredo R. Rabena, Karen F. Rabena
Abstract:

This study was undertaken to determine the effect of different fertilizer treatments on germination and early growth parameters of onion such as height, weight, root length and shoot length. The treatments used were control with no fertilizer, treatment 1 with kakawate leaves and ammonium sulfate and treatment 2 with pure ammonium sulfate.

Results showed that high percentage germination was observed in bulbs treated with kakawate leaves plus ammonium sulfate and low percentage germination in control. Onion bulbs treated with kakawate organic fertilizer plus ammonium sulfate were the first to germinate. Germination of seeds normally started eleven days after sowing.

Onions treated with kakawate leaves plus ammonium sulfate had the highest average seedling height and weight. Plants treated with ammonium sulfate obtained the longest roots and shoots with only a very little difference with kakawate leaves plus ammonium sulfate. Results also showed that height and root length are significantly increased when fertilized with kakawate fertilizer plus ammonium sulfate.

With the results above, the authors strongly recommend kakawate leaves as additive in soil or can be made into organic fertilizer as alternative to high priced commercial fertilizer. The organic fertilizer should be mixed with commercial fertilizer to improve soil productivity and fertility and reduce costs due to high priced commercial fertilizers. This study is timely to introduce to help the environment recover from the negative impacts of using synthetic fertilizer such as soil nutrient loss and climate change. It should also be studied on-site with crops such as onions, corn and other crops. Researchers and farmers should consider the potentials of kakawate as a farm input.

Keywords: kakawate, Gliricidia sepium, growth, Allium cepa
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Title: Pre-Treatment Techniques for Enhancing Seed Germination Behavior and Early Growth of Bitaog (Calophyllum inophyllum L.)
Name: Karen F. Rabena
Abstract:

The study determined the effects of different seed soaking techniques on the germination and growth of bitaog. The treatments used were the following: C-control, T1-use of tap water, T2- use of molluscan shell, and T3- use of NaCl. Statistical design of the experiment was Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replicates. The seed coat of bitaog was removed before soaking the seed for sixteen hours.

It was observed that germination was improved when seeds were subjected to the different treatments. The percentage germination increased when treated with NaCl and molluscan shell. Early growth of bitaog plant was improved when treated with NaCl. Root length significantly improved with the technique used.

With the results of the study, it is recommended that when hastening germination of bitaog seeds, the shell must be removed and soaked solution of sodium chloride and molluscan shell which can be used as an alternative to tap water. To help sustain the environment, use of waste materials such as pulverized molluscan shell can be an effective soaking solution. The technique is recommended for study in other tree species or agricultural crops.

Keywords: pre-treatment, enhance, seed, germination growth, bitaog, Calophyllum inophyllum L
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Title: Level of Acceptability of Roles and Performance of Barangay Health Workers in the Delivery of Basic Health Services
Name: Rosario B. Quitevis
Abstract:

The Philippines experienced “brain drain” in 1987 due to the exodus of health workers which led to the training of BHWs to fill the gap. So, this study determined the level of acceptability of the roles and performance of barangay health workers in the delivery of basic health services.

This study was conducted with 1,332 respondents (245 BHws and 1,087 residents) in Vigan City, Ilocos Sur in 2010.

The researcher used a questionnaire-checklist to gather data. The descriptive correlational method was used in this study.

The BHWs level of acceptability of their roles and performance was high.

The BHWs level of acceptability of their roles was significantly influenced by their socio-demographic profile except on their role as a teacher; but their level of performance was not significantly influenced by their socio-demographic profile.

There was a significant relationship between the BHWs’ level of acceptability of their roles and their level of performance.

Based on the findings, the recommendations are drawn: the BHWs should be encouraged to attend trainings on basic health care services; a similar study be conducted but with wider scope; and the result would serve as a basis for future programs of the Department of Health (DOH) on BHWs’ welfare

Keywords: acceptability, roles, performance,barangay health workers, delivery, basic health services
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Title: Development of Precast Concrete Forms Two Storey Concrete Structure
Name: Raymund P. Queypo
Abstract:

The country is beset by natural calamities such as floods, typhoons and drought among others. Observers of the dynamics of the environment point to the wanton cutting of trees as one of the causes of flash floods that contribute to destroy lives and property both in the countryside and in the cities. Illegal logging has contributed to an increase in lumber production but this has also inflicted harm to the environment. To minimize this problem, this study introduced to the local construction industry the application of concrete as forms instead of plywood and plank forms to minimize the use of wood products in concrete formworks as well as for faster and economical construction. The concrete forms were studied for use in columns and beams for two- storey structures.

This innovation was based on the site observation of construction activities of the conventional method of erecting a two storey building in order to modify and introduce the method of precast concrete for forms of columns and beams.

The result of the study showed that because of the versatility of concrete, its forms can be created for columns and beams of different structural sizes for different locations. The concrete forms also increased the compressive strength of the ferroconcrete. The application of this construction system without the conventional wooden form significantly minimized expenses in the construction formworks of a two-storey structure.

Keywords: development, precast, concrete forms, concrete structure
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Title: Gender Profile of Women in the Furniture Industry of San Vicente, Ilocos Sur
Name: Agustina R. Tactay And Norie T. Tactay
Abstract:
The study focused on the role of women in the furniture industry. It provided profile of the respondents, household activities, production activities and decision making profile. Descriptive survey was used in the study. It included the 3.5 women engaged in the industry. Majority of the respondents are married, Ilocanos, Catholics, and with a 36-40 age bracket who were born in San Vicente. Most families have 3-4 children. Household activities are shared between members of the family. Males’ work still prevails in the production activities since tools are purely for them. Females do the rearing and marketing. Decision making is a shared activity. Females being mothers are involved in home management and proper care of children. It is recommended that new technology be used for better productivity. Government agencies should extend support by initiating trainings. Women should be given more involvement like seminars and the government should help in the selling of products not only locally but internationally. More cooperatives should be organized to support the furniture makers.
Keywords: women, furniture industry, San Vicente, Ilocos Sur
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