E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium

World Electronic Journals Impact Factor

E-International Scientific Research Journal

Title: Climate Change and Its Geo-Hydrological Impacts on Mountainous Terrain: A Case Study Through Remote Sensing And GIS Modeling
Name: Pradeep K. Rawat, P.C. Tiwari, Charu C. Pant, A.K. Sharma & P.D. Pant

The main objective of the study was to assess the impact of climate change on geo-hydrology of mountainous terrain through integrated GIS database modeling on climate informatics and land use-informatics. The Dabka watershed constitutes a part of the Kosi Basin in the Lesser Himalaya, India in district Nainital has been selected for the case illustration. Land use informatics consists of land use mapping and change diction i.e. decadal changes and annual changes. Climate informatics consists of spatial distribution of climate and its change detection through daily, monthly and annual weather data (temperature, rainfall, humidity and evaporation) of two study periods i.e. during 1985-1990 and 2005-2010. The spatial distribution of climate throughout study area suggesting three types of climatic zones i.e. sub-tropical, temperate and moist temperate which are respectively favorable for mixed forest, pine forest and oak forest in the mountain eco-system. The results of climate-informatics advocating that all these climatic zones shifting towards higher altitudes due to global climate change and affecting the favorable conditions of the existing land use pattern. In order to that the oak and pine forests have decreased respectively by 25 % (4.48 km2) and 3% (.28 km2) thus bringing a decline of 4.76 km2 forest in the watershed during 1990 to 2010. But, due to climate change the mixed forest taking place of oak forest in certain pockets and consequently the mixed forest in the catchment increased by 18 % (2.3 km2) during the same period which reduced the overall loss of forests in the region but its not eco-friendly as the oak forest. As a result, the watershed recorded a total decline of 2.46 km2 or 6% forest area during 1990 to 2010. The non-forest area has increased dramatically due to lopping and cutting of trees, and growing agricultural activities. The non-forest area has mainly been confined to barren land, riverbed and cultivated land. Barren land increased 1.21 km2 (56%), riverbed increased 0.78 km2 (52%) and cultivated land increased about 0.63 km2 (3%) during the period of 1990 to 2010. The results also advocated that the overall accelerating factor of land use degradation in the study area broadly categorizes as dominant factor and supporting factor. Out of the total seven classes of the land use land cover, five classes (i.e. Oak, Pine, Mixed, Barren and Riverbed) are being degraded dominantly due to climate change factor and anthropogenic factors plays a supporting role whereas only two classes (Scrub land and agricultural land) are being change dominantly by anthropogenic factors and climate change factors plays a supporting role. Expansion of mixed forest land brought out due to upslope shifting of existing forest species due to climate change factor only because upslope areas getting warmer than past with the rate of 9?c-12?c/two decades. Consequently the results concluded that the high rate of land use degradation accelerating several geo-hydrological problems such as land degradation, high runoff, flash flood, river-line flood, soil erosion and denudation during monsoon season and drought during non-monsoon period as dry-up of natural springs and decreasing trends of stream discharge etc.

Keywords: Climate-informatics, Land use-informatics, Geo-hydrological Impacts, Himalaya
Title: Invitro Plant Regeneration From Leaf Primordia Of Gum-Bearing Tree Aegle Marmelos
Name: T. Ramanathan, K.Satyavani and S.Gurudeeban

Aegle marmelos is a middle sized slender aromatic armed tree native to India and distributed South-east Asia. A protocol has been developed for regeneration of plantlets from leaf primordia of Aegle marmelos. The regeneration studies indicated that the following combinations of hormones with MS media containing Kn (1.5 mg/l) + 0.5 mg/l 2, 4-D with NAA (1.0 mg/l) is most suitable for organogenic calli formation and shoot induction. These calli later developed shoots when transferred to MS medium containing NAA (1.5 mg/l) with 0.5 mg/l IBA for root initiation. Rooted plants survived well under acclimatization.

Keywords: Aegle marmelos, organogenic callus, shoot regeneration
Title: Renal Health Advocacy for Nurses in La Union: A Prototype
Name: Holly Lou E. Mangaoang, RN,MAN

This study aimed to determine the renal health practices of nurses in La Union. It was conducted in the calendar year 2009-2010. One hundred seventeen (117) regular staff nurses in five (5) tertiary hospitals were selected using stratified random sampling. Descriptive survey method and a questionnaire were used in gathering data which were treated using Weighted Mean, Average Weighted Mean, t-test and Analysis of Variance.

Results show that most nurses are young adults, females, employed in private hospitals with incidence of UTI. Hygiene is always implemented while the rest are often implemented. The extent of implementation of renal health practices differs as to gender. All the renal health practices are strengths of the respondents and a renal health advocacy for nurses in La Union is proposed.

Keywords: Continuing Education Activities, Nurse Educators
Title: Spider (Arachnida: Araneae) Families of Three Ecosystems of Maharashtra, India
Name: R.V.Hippargi, A.K.Bodkhe, M.P.Chikhale, G.B.Santape, R. M. Behere, P.M.Bolde, S.Manthen, K.R.Rao, N.V.Shah

This article presents a study on the distribution and current status of spider families in three ecosystems of Maharashtra state. The basic goals of this study were to gather baseline distribution data on spiders by undertaking exhaustive surveys at some selected sites of three ecosystems of Maharashtra Viz. Lonar Crater Sanctuary, (Buldhana district), Melghat Tiger Sanctuary, (Amravati district), Southern Tropical Thorn Forest ecosystem, (Solapur district). During our analysis a total of 19, 25 & 31 spider families were recorded respectively from these three ecosystems. The statistical and diversity indices for each study sites were calculated. Such surveys are vital for conservation of these creatures in the light of climate change and building a biodiversity database of spider fauna of Maharashtra in near future.

Keywords: Spider family, Lonar crater, Melghat Sanctuary, Solapur, Maharashtra
Title: Soil characteristics in Oak and Pine forests of Indian Central Himalaya
Name: B.S. Jina, C.S.Bohra, L. S. Lodhiyal and P. Sah

The present study highlights the analysis of physicochemical properties of soil in two different forest sites (P. roxburghii Sarg. and Q. leucotrichophora A. Camus) which are degraded and non-degraded forests at Lamgarha block of Almora district of Kumaun Central Himalaya. Soil texture varied from loamy to sandy loam. Soil moisture ranged from 6.6-18.1% and showed fixed seasonal pattern and maximum in rainy season (mid-September) followed by winter and summer. Water holding capacity was more or less similar in all the sites.Soil was acidic with pH ranging from 5.5-6.5 across the sites. Soil nutrient concentration also varied across the study sites.

Keywords: Physicochemical analysis, Degraded forest, Non-degraded forest, Oak forest and Pine forest
Title: A Study of Glycemic Index of Ten Indian Fruits by an Alternate Approach
Name: M. Premanath., H.Basavana Gowdappa, M.Mahesh, M.Suresh Babu

Fruits should form an essential constituent of every diet, more so in a diabetic. Most of the diabetic patients do not consume fruits because they are sweet and they feel that sweetness is directly correlated to increase in blood sugar. The primary objective: To determine the glycemic index of commonly available and consumed fruits in this area by an alternate method and to know whether the results obtained are comparable to the GI obtained by conventional method in other studies The secondary objective: To use the results to convince the diabetics to consume fruits. Conventional method of testing GI of any food stuff compares the elevation of blood sugar with 50 gms of glucose with that of 50 gms of available carbohydrate in the food being tested. Large quantities have to be consumed for the test when their available carbohydrate is low. To circumvent this we have used an alternate method where in the amount of fruit consumed was constant at 120 g. The available carbohydrate in each of the fruit was noted, and the rate of rise of blood glucose levels at various intervals was recorded .Glucose was used as the control. The calculated amount of glucose equal to the available carbohydrate in the fruit and the amount of blood sugar it rises was arrived at by simple regression analysis. AUC was drawn comparing the values.. The Glycemic Index of Chikku(73), Guava(78), and Jack fruit(63) were higher than the other fruits, Banana(43), Papaya(42), watermelon(37), orange(52), mango(35), apple(45) and Pineapple(19), The GI of First three fruits were higher compared to conventional method. The blood glucose levels after consumption of some fruits do not sustain even for 45 minutes. The method that we have employed is less cumbersome and easy. The results are similar. Since the blood sugars after the consumption of the fruit do not sustain, diabetics can be convinced to use the fruits in their diet.

Keywords: Glycemic Index, Indian Fruits, GI Methodology
Title: Color Change Behavior of Spider Gea Spp. (C L Koch, 1843) from Grassland Ecosystem of Solapur, Maharashtra
Name: R. V.Hippargi, N. V. Shah, K.V.Rao, P. M. Bolde, S.V.Manthen, A.K.Bodkhe

Gea (Araneae, Araneidae) is a tropical orb-weaving spider showing dark brown abdominal color with yellow and white patches and many smaller scattered yellowish and white spots on the dorsum. This study documents rapid and reversible physiological color change in Gea Spp. Ecological and behavioral studies pertaining to spiders are very few in India and such studies will shed more light on the ecophysiological mechanism and the possible evolutionary dimensions to the color change behavior observed in spiders.

Keywords: Gea Spp, orb-weaving spider, Color change
Title: Helicobacter Pylori Associated Gastritis in North-EasternNigeria: A Histopathologic Study
Name: Adisa J.O., Musa A.B., Yima U.I., Egbujo E.C

A retrospective study of 603 antral biopsies already processed into paraffin wax was undertaken. The study spanned 2003 to 2008 and the age range of the patient was 14-90 years. Each biopsy was stained by Haematoxylin and Eosin method, Giemsa’s method and the Grocott’s modification of Hexamine Silver method. Peak incidence of 24.8% was obtained in 2008 while the age group with the highest incidence was 31-40years. Gastritis in general was recorded in 94.9% of patients while H. pylori associated gastritis was recorded in 57.2%. The age group of patients with the highest prevalence (26%) of H. pylori associated gastritis was 41-50years. Specific diagnosis of H.pylori associated gastritis is crucial in the prevention of cancer.

Keywords: Helicobacter Pylori

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