E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium

World Electronic Journals Impact Factor



E-International Scientific Research Journal

Title: DIRECT AND INDIRECT ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE PROVINCIAL TOURISM, AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCIAL SECTORS OF ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE
Name: W. D. Carreon and J.S.R.Campiseño
Abstract:

This study is an attempt to look into the direct and indirect economic impact of climate change to three (3) business sectors: tourism, commercial and agricultural, of Zamboanga del Norte by canonical path analysis. Results revealed that temperature and rainfall variations led to a decline in agricultural productivity (-1.90%) but spurred greater economic activities in the commercial (47.0%) and tourism sectors (17.12%). The traditional farming method commonly used in the province accounts for the adverse sensitivity of this sector to climate change. This study recommends that the agricultural sector looks into possibilities of using modern farming systems in order to counter the negative consequences brought about by climate change.

Keywords: direct and indirect economic impact, climate change, business sectors
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Title: HYDROBIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF LIBORAN RIVER, DAPITAN CITY
Name: S. Campiseño, E. Campiseño, M.R. Naguit & B. Flores
Abstract:

The water quality of Liboran River was examined to determine its present condition to serve as future reference or gauge of any effect brought about by climate change. Data on plankton composition, total coliform, phosphates, total suspended solids, as well as physico-chemical parameters such as dissolved oxygen, pH, temperature and salinity were collected. Based on the results of the three surveys, the river does not qualify for a Class SA coastal water suitable for fishery production.

Keywords: coliform, Liboran River, phosphates, pH, DO
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Title: HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM OCCURRENCE IN MURCIELAGOS BAY AMIDST CLIMATE CHANGE
Name: J. Aquino, B. Flores and M.Naguit
Abstract:

The phytoplankton species abundance in Murceilagos Bay was investigated for the first time at the onset of an outbreak on September, 2009. Monthly monitoring on Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressum densities and physic-chemical parameters were conducted at 12 sampling stations in Murceilagos Bay. Generally, densities of Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressum were decreasing. Nutrient analyses showed traces of phosphates and nitrates.

Keywords: Phytoplankton, Hydrobiological surveys, Density, ENSO, Cove, Toxic Algal Bloom
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Title: ESTIMATING THE HEALTH AND ECONOMIC VULNERABILITIES OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE (IP) IN ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE TO THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Name: W. Nabua, N. Bureros and J.Aquino
Abstract:

An analytical framework for estimating the health and economic vulnerabilities of the indigenous people of Zamboanga del Norte to the effects of climate change is proposed and validated in this paper. Vulnerability, as used in this research, refers to the extent of risk and exposure of the IPs to the physical manifestations of climate change considering their coping mechanisms. Applying such a framework to the Subanen and Kalibogan tribes in Zamboanga del Norte, results show that : (a.) the indigenous people of Zamboanga del Norte were very vulnerable in terms of their economic and livelihood sources consisting mainly of traditional farming and fishing, and (b.) the indigenous people were likewise found to be highly vulnerable in terms of their health in the event of aberrant weather conditions. The IP’s low educational attainment coupled with unstable, albeit, subsistence level income make their ability to cope with the effects of climate change minimal and insufficient to surmount the adverse effects of extreme weather conditions. Results further show that the analytical framework for estimating vulnerabilities tend to underestimate the true vulnerability values because of the absence of more information that can be used to enhance these estimates.

Keywords: vulnerability, climate change, indigenous people
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Title: LIFESTYLES OF CITY BARANGAY RESIDENTS ASSOCIATED TO CLIMATE CHANGE
Name: Daylinda Luz R. Laput and Jay D. Telen
Abstract:

This study determines the lifestyles associated to climate change among the residents in the city barangays of Dipolog and Dapitan. Results revealed that the study is dominated with students and young professionals with ages 11 to 29 years old whose behaviors and practices in the workplace, at home and workplace combined, in social and economic interactions, and in the home seemed to have mitigated and aggravated the impact on climate change. Lifestyles of respondents in the workplace ranked highest. It was also found out that there was no difference on the lifestyles at home, in the workplace, in social and economic interactions, in the home and workplace combined between professionals and non-professionals in Dipolog and Dapitan cities. It concludes that practices of office workers and homemakers prove to have increased or aggravated the effect of climate change yet they have compelling reasons to be value-focused in some ways like being organized, health conscious and comfortable. It recommends that lifestyles of residents in highly urbanized areas have to be subjected to some behavior modifications. Private and joint adaptations have to be enforced to reduce the magnitude of harm brought about by environmental changes. And the government needs to initiate policies on joint adaptation, to carefully design efficient responses which treat arising problems associated to climate change.

Keywords: climate change, mitigating, aggravating lifestyles
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Title: INDUCED FORCES IN POLYMER BLENDS VERSUS TEMPERATURE
Name: S. El Fassi, M. Benhamou, H. Ridouane, M. El Yaznasni
Abstract:

We re-examine the computation of the induced force experienced by colloidal particles immersed in a binary mixture, made of two chemically incompatible polymers of high-molecular-weight. Such a force originates from the strong fluctuations of composition near the critical temperature , and the fact that one polymer of the mixture prefers to be attracted by colloids (critical adsorption). More precisely, we aim at a quantitative investigation of the temperature effect on the force expression, when one is far from . To achieve calculations, we use the standard -theory, where the field represents the composition fluctuation (order parameter). Combining this theory with the standard cumulant method, we first find that the effective pair-potential is the sum of two contributions, which are directly proportional to the bulk two-point correlation functions constructed with fields and , respectively. Second, taking advantage of the exactly known (mean-field) correlation functions, we demonstrate that the expected force can be expressed in term of the modified Bessel functions and . Third, we show that the reduced induced force, , is a universal two-factor scaling function of the dimensionless variables and , where r is the inter particle-distance, is the thermal correlation length of the free polymer mixture and D is the scale-distance , where is the particles diameter and N the polymerization degree of chains. The essential conclusion is that, for high or low temperatures, the induced force becomes less important than that at the critical one.

Keywords: Polymer blends, Colloids, Phase separation, Induced force, Temperature effects
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Title: ESTIMATION OF GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) EMISSION LEVEL FROM WASTE AND GARBAGE DISPOSED IN THE COASTAL BARANGAYS OF DAPITAN CITY: IMPLICATIONS TO THEIR WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
Name: S. Campiseño and R. Laranjo
Abstract:

Wastes and garbage disposed of by the coastal barangays of Dapitan City were analyzed as to volume, composition and manner of disposal in order to estimate the approximate level of daily greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions using an international conversion factor by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) conversion manual. The waste management practices of the barangays were likewise determined since these determine to a large extent the volume of GHG emitted through household wastes. Results revealed that roughly 43.8 kilo-tons of CO2, 2.52 kilo-tons of methane and .515 kilo-tons of nitreous oxide per year are derived from the household wastes alone owing to their poor waste management practices. If open burning and other improper waste disposal practices were strictly prohibited and violators apprehended, the greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced by as much as 50% of their current levels.

Keywords: biomass conversion factor, greenhouse gas, waste management
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Title: CONTRIBUTION OF SMOKE-BELCHING VEHICLES TO THE GREEN HOUSE GASES CONCENTRATION IN THE CITY OF DIPOLOG
Name: Bernard G. Gilaga and Rowell B. Pallega
Abstract:

Among 212 nations in the world, the Philippines is ranked 48th in terms of carbon emission in the transportation sector. The study sought to determine and estimate the amount of gaseous pollutants emitted by the vehicles in Dipolog City in relation to the overall gaseous pollutants of the Philippines. Results revealed an annual gaseous pollutant contribution of 1,072929.597%V for carbon monoxide and 501,282,073.1 ppm for hydrocarbon emission which, together, roughly explain 6% of the country’s overall GHG (Green house gases) output per year. Considering that there are 122 cities in the Philippines, the 6% GHG contribution of Dipolog City is considered well beyond the normal threshold. The study also identified some of the factors leading to this inordinate amount of GHG output of the city, such as, but not limited to: (a) strict implementation of the standards for vehicle emission levels prior to renewal of registration, and (b) strict monitoring and implementation of the anti-smoke belching law or the Clean Air Act (RA 8749).

Keywords: emission, hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, RA 8749, greenhouse gases
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Title: PATHOLOGY OF GOUT IN GROWING LAYERS ATTRIBUTED TO HIGH CALCIUM AND PROTEIN DIET
Name: Ibrahim M. Eldaghayes, Mohamed A. Hamid, Sayed R. El-Attar and Abdoalwahab M. Kammon
Abstract:

An outbreak of gout was investigated in a growing layers farm of 45000 birds located in Tripoli, Libya. Mortality was commenced at 39 days-old reaching to a total of 489 birds within 10 days. Post mortem was conducted and kidney tissue samples were fixed in 10% neutral formalin prior to processing. Feed samples were sent to the Animal Nutrition Department for analysis which revealed 23.47% crude protein and 3.5% calcium. Gross lesions comprised of deposition of chalky white material covering the pericardium and enlarged kidneys with necrotic foci, hemorrhage and nephrosis. Most of birds showed swollen ureter of one or both sides. Histopathologically, severe damage of tubules characterized by moderate to severe tubular dilation and necrosis and central bluish gouty deposition surrounded by radiations of needle like urate crystals followed by granulomatous reaction of lymphocytes, macrophages and fibroblasts. The collecting renal tubules, urinephric ducts and ureters were also filled by gouty deposits with epithelial hyperplastic changes and chronic inflammatory cellular reaction in their walls. The interstitial tissue showed edema, congestion, hemorrhage and lymphomononuclear cell infiltration. This gout outbreak in growing layers is attributed to high concentration of crude protein and calcium in diet.

Keywords: Gout, Layers, Calcium, Protein
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Title: WEB-ENHANCED LEARNING IN MEDICAL CLERKSHIP
Name: Carl Froilan D. Leochico, PTRP, and John Anthony A. Domantay, MD, FPSP, PhD
Abstract:

Introduction: With the advent of modern technology, different schools, including medical schools in the Philippines, are shifting towards the use of technological advancements as part of their academic curricula. Before significant steps can be initiated towards the design and implementation of an e-learning medical website, it is imperative to assess the readiness and acceptance of various stakeholders regarding the innovative concept. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used. Questionnaires were administered to fourth year medical students of SLU-COM, various medical educators in affiliated training hospitals, and the College Dean. Data analyses (t-test, f-test, chi-square test) were done using MS Office Excel 2003, with level of significance set at 0.05. Results: Instrument was reliable with a Cronbach’s coefficient alpha of 0.85. Only 53 clinical clerks were obtained as respondents. Majority of them were females (70%) and had an average household monthly income (53%), but all had an access to computer (100%). An average of 47 clerks (89%) answered “yes” (implying access) to all items in the Resources part. There was no significant difference in the access to resources among the fifteen different items (x2 = 5.418). Out of 4, respondents had the following means: skill of 3.47, accepted teaching-learning techniques of 3.12, and preferred medical website contents of 3.30. Generally, significant differences were found between males and females in all aspects, except for resources. Conclusion: The clinical clerks were very ready for e-learning based on high level of resources and skills, and showed moderate level of acceptance for e-learning as a teaching-learning approach.

Keywords: e-learning, web-enhance learning
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Title: E-INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH JOURNAL
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