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E-International Scientific Research Journal

Title: A Model for Effective Implementation of Annual Investment Plans
Name: Alfredo L. Quesada, Jr.
Abstract:

QUESADA, ALFREDO, JR. LAROSA. “A Model for Effective Implementation of Annual Investment Plans.” Ph. D. in Development Administration Dissertation, Don Mariano Marcos State University Graduate Studies, Mid La Union Campus, City of San Fernando, La Union March 2007.

Adviser: MANUEL T. GABAON, DPA

The study aimed to develop a Model for Effective Implementation of Annual Investment Plans for Local Government Units. Specifically, it determined the level of priority of development programs and projects in AIPs pf three selected LGUs, comparison of the perceptions of the respondents on the level of priority programs and projects between and among the three LGUs, level of collaboration of LGU, department heads, sangguniang panglungsod/bayan, business sector, school administrators in planning and implementation of the AIPs of the three selected LGUs, comparison of the perception of the respondents on the level of collaboration of the LGU, DG, SP/B, BS, and SAs I planning and implementation of the AIPs, level of effectiveness of LGU in the implementation of AIPs, comparison of the perception of the respondents on the level of effectiveness of LGUs in the implementation of AIPs, level of adequacy of budgetary support in the implementation of AIPs in three selected LGUs, comparison of the perceptions on the level of adequacy of budgetary support in implementation of AIPs, and relationships between and among the programs and projects of the three LGUs.

The respondents were the DHs, SP/B, BS, and SAs in each of the selected LGUs. The validity was approved by the Oral Committee. The reliability of the instrument was tested using the Kuder-Richardson Formula 20 – reliability coefficient for part 1 was 0.998; 0.99 for part 2; 0.997 for part 3; and 0.995 for part 4 questionnaire. The statistical tests used were the means, One-Way ANOVA, and Multiple Comparison Scheffe Method. The gathering of data was substantiated by interviews and documentary analysis of the records I programs and projects of the three LGUs.

The grand mean of the perceived level of prioritization of programs/projects of the LGUs in infrastructure was high (H), in HSS was moderately high (MH), and ACLD was moderately high (MH).

There were no significant differences on the overall means of the three groups of respondents on the priority level for the projects/indicators in areas of infrastructure, and ACLD of all AIPs at 5 percent level of significance.

The grand mean of the perceptions for the level of collaboration of LGU, DH, SP/B, BS and SAs in planning and implementation of the AIPs programs and projects in infrastructure was high (H), in HSS was moderately high (MH), and in ACLD was moderately high (MH).

There were no significant differences on the overall means of the three groups of respondents on the level of collaboration in terms of planning and implementation of each project/indicator in areas of infrastructure, HSS, and ACLD at 5 percent margin of error.

The level of effectiveness in the implementation of AIPs programs in infrastructure was high effective, and effective in HSS, and ACLD.

There were no significant differences in the overall means of perceptions of the groups of respondents on the level of effectiveness of implementation of programs/projects in infrastructure, HSS, and ACLD across the three selected LGUs at 5 percent margin of error.

The grand mean of the perceptions for the level of adequacy of budgetary support for the implementation of AIPs programs and projects in infrastructure was highly adequate (HA), adequate in HSS and in ACLD.

Relationships of means of level of priority of three areas of AIP –m infrastructure, HSS, and ACLD using Pearson Correlation Analysis revealed that Agoo, La Union’s infrastructure priority level is significantly related to HSS and ACLD at .01 level of significance. HSS on the other hand is also significantly related to ACLD at .01 level of significance.

There was significant relationships between and among the three areas of AIP at .01 level of significance for City of San Fernando, La Union. The same results were found for Cabugao, Ilocos Sur.

There was significant relationships between and among the three areas of AIP at .01 level of significance for City of San Fernando, La Union. The same results were found for Cabugao, Ilocos Sur.

For Agoo, La Union, result showed the collaboration of LGU in the implementation of HSS is highly and significantly related to the collaboration of implementation of infrastructure, between HSS and ACLD; and between infrastructure and ACLD at 0.01 level of significance.

For the City of San Fernando, La Union significant relationships existed between and among the three areas of AIP at .01 level of significance. High significant relationships existed between HSS and infrastructure, between HSS and ACLD., and between infrastructure and ACLD at .01 level of significance.

For Cabugao, Ilocos Sur, significant relationships existed between implementation of HSS and infrastructure, between HSS and ACLD, and between infrastructure and ACLD at .01 level of significance.

Relationships of means of level of effectiveness of the LGU in the implementation of the AIPs infrastructure, HSS, and ACLD are as follows: For Agoo, La Union, San Fernando City, La Union and Cabugao, Ilocos Sur, Pearson Correlation Analysis result showed no significant relationships between HSS and infrastructure, HSS and ACLD and infrastructure and ACLD at .01 level of significance.

Relationships of means of level of budgetary support of LGU in implementation of the three areas of AIP – infrastructure, HSS and ACLD as follows:

For Agoo, La Union and Cabugao, Ilocos Sur, Pearson Correlation Analysis result revealed that there is high significant relationship between the LGU’s level of budgetary support for infrastructure and HSS; HSS and ACLD; infrastructure and ACLD at .01 level of significance.

For San Fernando City, La Union, Pearson Correlation Analysis result revealed that in terms of LGU budgetary support there is no significant relationship at .01 level of significance between HSS and infrastructure; highly significant between HSS and ACLD; infrastructure and ACLD.

Keywords: investment, plan
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Title: Mycorrhizal Association, N Fertilization And Biocide Application On The Efficacy Of Bio-N On Corn (Zea Mays L.) Growth And Productivity
Name: Abercio V. Rotor, Precila Catabian Delima
Abstract:

The maximum benefits of Biological Nitrogen Fixation (BNF) may not be achieved if constraints are placed on the system. One of the most important and potentially limiting factors to BNF is the use of chemical treatments such as N Fertilizers and Biocides. Obtaining maximum benefits on farms from diazotrophic and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza plant growth promoting biofertilizers will require a systematic strategy designed to fully utilize these beneficial factors, allowing crop yields to be maintained or even increased while fertilizer applications are reduced. The effect of VAMF, N Fertilizer and Biocides on the efficacy of Bio-N on Corn growth and productivity was studied under field conditions. Results showed potential benefits of this microbial biofertilizers with their combination with suboptimal and optimal amount of N Fertilizer. Significant findings were elucidated in terms of growth and yield. The effect of biocides is not straightforward.

Keywords: biofertilizer, BioN, diazotrophic, mycorrhiza, VAMF
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Title: Knowledge, Attitudes, And Experiences Of Grade Six Pupils Of Saint Louis University - Laboratory Elementary School On Medication Use
Name: Carl Froilan D. Leochico, Samantha S. Bartolo, Shiela B. Candelario, Amichelle A. Ebes, Ralph Christopher S. Manaois, Maria Luisa V. Pasahol, Leo Emmanuel R. Bunag, MD, FPSECP, John Anthony A. Domantay, MD, FPSP, PhD
Abstract:

The objective of the study was to establish local baseline information on adolescents’ current level of knowledge, attitudes, and experiences with medication use. A Cross-sectional study design was used to study all grade six pupils enrolled in Saint Louis University – Laboratory Elementary School (SLU-LES), Baguio City, Philippines, during school year 2009-2010.

Results Out of 431 grade six pupils, only 419 respondents completed the questionnaire. The mean score on the knowledge subpart was 5.1169±1.6276 out of 10, interpreted as low level of knowledge. They showed favorable attitudes (8.1456±1.3749 out of 10), and extensive experiences (5.6110±1.4556). Significant differences were found between the general average range and knowledge (95% C.I.). Attitudes were influenced by both general average and ethnic background (p-value less than0.05). A significant association was found between knowledge and experiences on post-hoc analysis.

Conclusions Low level of knowledge may put adolescents at risk for health-related problems, and poor transition from childhood to adulthood. Educational efforts are warranted to correct misconceptions, and to improve pupils’ medication practices.

Keywords: knowledge, Attitude, Medication Use
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Title: Antifungal Properties Of Neem(Azardirachta Indica) Leaves Extract To Treat Hair Dandruff
Name: Anand Niharika, Johnson M. Aquicio, Arulsamy Anand
Abstract:

Dandruff due to fungus is extremely common, affecting close to 50% of the world's population and it also most prevalent between ages 15 and 50. Thus, this study has been conducted to come up with Neem leaves extract that has high anti-fungal properties.

Neem is an attractive broad-leaved, evergreen tree which can grow up to 30m tall and 2.5m in girth. Its trunk usually straight is 30-80 cm in diameter. Its spreading branches form a rounded crown of deep-green leaves and honey-scented flowers as much as 20m across. Neem is native of India, Pakistan, Thailand and Burma. Its actual origin is still debatable, but it is for sure that it originated in the Indian subcontinent and from there it spread to different parts of the world.

The Neem leaves were macerated in 400 mL ethanol and covered with parafilm. It was allowed to stand in room temperature for 48 hours then it was filtered. To get 100% extract, an amount of the extract was placed in an evaporating dish to be subjected to water-bath. The extract looked dark brown in its liquid form.

The fungi (P. ovale) was cultured in the Laboratory. Various levels of Neem extract concentration (25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%) were prepared. The inhibiting capacity of each level on fungus that causes dandruff was tested using agar cup method. To establish a firmer and more solid foundation of the contention that high anti-fungal properties is present, experiment was conducted in three treatments. The 100% extract of Neem leaves produced the widest zone of inhibition which was found statistically highest than the other concentration levels.

Keywords: Neem Leaf, Azadirachta indica, Anti-fungal, Pityrosporum ovale
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Title: Community Extension Services Of SUCs In Region IX: Basis For A Sustainable Community Enhancement Program
Name: Clarita D. Bidad, Evelyn R. Campiseño
Abstract:

This study aimed to assess SUCs community extension services in Region IX along education, livelihood generation, health and nutrition, good governance and environmental awareness during the School Year 2008-2009 as basis for sustainable community enhancement program.

The descriptive method was used with a questionnaire aided by an unstructured interview utilized in gathering data. The statistical tools used were mean, computation, percentage, frequency and t-test of difference. There were 90 implementers and 175 beneficiaries who were utilized as respondents in the study. The results of the study revealed that the extension program of SUCs was well implemented. And, faculty and students were well involved. There was no significant difference on the ratings of the implementers and beneficiaries along education, livelihood generation, health and nutrition, good governance and environmental awareness implementation. No significant difference also existed on the perceptions of the implementers and beneficiaries in their involvement of the extension programs on education, livelihood generation and good governance. However, there was significant difference in their involvement on the program on health and nutrition and environmental management.

Therefore, the extension programs should continue to move on and reach out for the sustainable development of the community.

Keywords: Extension services, sustainable, enhancement program
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Title: Digital Library For The Graduate School Of DMMMSU-SLUC, Agoo, La Union
Name: Darwin C. Llavore
Abstract:

The library is considered as the depot of general knowledge. It had been established as an imperative support system to provide incessantly for the reading needs of students, faculty and the community. Effective utilization of the library facilities and services will help the students succeed in their academic life.

Keywords: digital library, wiki journal, e-journal, e-library, content management systems, theses compendium, virtual library
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Title: Extent Of Use Of Qualitative And Quantitative Management Techniques In Administrative And Academic Decision-Making Among Elementary And High School Principals/Head Teachers And Teachers-In-Charge In Zamboanga Del Norte School Divisions In Region IX
Name: Leonardo D. Cainta, E. M. D
Abstract:

The study aimed to examine the extent to which elementary and high school administrators used the qualitative and quantitative techniques of decision – making along the four managerial functions: Planning, Controlling, Leading and Organizing to enhance their administrative and academic decision –making capability.

The descriptive- co relational method was used with a questionnaires- checklist to gather the data. Three hundred three principals/ head teachers/ teachers-in-charge from both elementary and high schools in the Divisions of Zamboanga del Norte and the twin cities of Dipolog and Dapitan were utilized. Statistical tools include percentage, weighted mean, Chi- square and contingency coefficient. The results of the study revealed that school principals/ head teachers were familiar and used the qualitative technique but were not acquainted with the quantitative techniques while teachers-in-charge were not well- versed in both techniques. But all school administrators found so much benefits in using these techniques in the four managerial function. School principals/ head teachers encountered less serious obstacles both in the use of these two techniques but not the teachers- in- charge who encountered serious obstacles. There was a significant difference in the use of qualitative techniques along four managerial functions. A significant difference in the use of quantitative technique along leading, organizing and planning but no significant difference along controlling function. No significant relationship was revealed between benefits derived from use of the techniques and the course completed and seminars attended by the administrators.

Therefore, teachers-in-charge must attend seminars /conferences on qualitative and quantitative techniques in decision-making along the four managerial functions. However, school principals/head teachers should continue to apply and use the techniques to strengthen their ability to make good and wise decisions in terms of improving the school programs and students learning.

Keywords: Qualitative and Quantitative techniques, decision making, four Managerial functions: Planning, Organizing, Leading and Controlling.
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Title: Prediction Of Interspecies Relationship And Antigenicity Of Segment 1 Protein Of Influenza A Virus From India
Name: Gaikwad Vishnu J., Bhosale S. S., Patel S. S., Kadam D.S., Dodamani G. O
Abstract:

The ancestral information related to h1n1 swine flu segment 1 from India has the similarity with the h1n1 segment 1 from Chile. The ambition of this research work includes analyzing the gene sequence of segment 1 from H1N1 (INDIA), to find out interspecific relationship between them by using advanced tools and techniques, for prediction of vaccine candidate we have predicted hydrophilic, antigenic peptides and plots. The nucleic acid sequence of H1N1 segment 1 has 2282 base-pairs. By using Bio-Edit we have predicted the sequence similarity interspecifically in between 20 species for evaluating the relationship between them, also calculated the entropy of the segment1. Predicted sites are 21- VDHMAIIK-32, 88- RVMISPLAV-96, 105- VTSTVHYPKIYKTYFEKVER-124, 129- TFGPVHFRNQVKI-141, 158- EAQDVIMEVVFPN-170. These are the antigenic sequences from which in future we can design a drug or vaccine against it.

Keywords: h1n1 swine flu segment 1, interspecies relationship, antigenic sequences
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Title: Job Portal For Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University
Name: Kathrina Sison Tambot
Abstract:

The study aimed to develop a Job Portal for Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University that used the descriptive research method. Data gathering techniques used were 1) Interview with 21 respondents (DMMMSU Job placement services in-charge, students, alumni); 2) Analysis and review of existing job portals; and 3) Document analysis of job-related documents such as resumes. Findings were known that for every job portal users, relevant information needs to be included in the job portal. For job seekers, information were categorized according to account details, resume and cover letter details. For employers, information were categorized according to account details, company details and job posting details. For moderator, information for account details only. Findings on the features included in the job portal were categorized according to the features that can be accessed by job seekers and employers. Findings on the moderation measures implemented include those that will need approval from the moderator. All relevant information requirements should be considered since these serve as the foundation of the job portal. The features included were centered on job searching and job postings by job seekers and employers respectively. The moderation measures do away with unauthorized use of the restricted features of the job portal.

Keywords: job advertisement, job hunting, job portal, job postings, job search, content management system, web-based system
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Title: Status Of Jose Rizal Memorial State College: Basis For A University Proposal
Name: Joseph Salvel R. Campiseño
Abstract:

The study determines the status of Jose Rizal Memorial State College (JRMSC) as an institution of higher learning and the viability for the conversion of the college into a state university. The study revealed that generally, faculties are much competent in the performance of their functions. It favors and supports for the advantage of its clients – the students. There is exemplary leadership and management by the school leaders. The VGMO of the college is very relevant with its legal and educational development mandate and the thrust of the government. Curriculum and Instructional design are effective in the development of students to achieve holistic development. Researches conducted are focused on the institutions’ research priority areas for development. The E-library and Library holdings are adequate for faculty and students use. There is adequate equipment in the institution for the faculty and students to use in the classroom. The laboratories are equipped adequately with computers, supplies and materials ready for use. Physical plant and facilities is adequate. This means that the College can accommodate the expected increase of enrollment and is prepared for future expansion.

Keywords: chartered colleges, universities, elevation to
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Title: Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Sequestration Capacity Of Tampilisan Forest
Name: C. Tagupa, A. Lopez, F. Caperida, G. Pamunag, & A.Luzada
Abstract:

This study estimated the carbon dioxide sequestered and stored in the forest trees of Jose Rizal Memorial State University – Tampilisan Campus reservation. The study site contained the trees species Mohagany (Swietenia macrophylla), Gmelina (Gmelina arborea), Mangium (acacia magium) Rubber (Hevea brasilliensis) and natural forest trees (e.g. Dipterocarp species, etc). Results revealed that standard – sized trees have better CO2 sequestration potential than the sapling and pole – sized. These trees have the biggest merchantable height, trunk diameter and wood density. Among the species considered, Gmelina had the highest amount of CO2 sequestered and stored in stem followed by Mangium, Rubber and Mahogany at standard size. In addition, regression analysis indicated that the rate of CO2 sequestered and stored on trees are related to the growth characteristics as trunk diameter (DBH) and total height, but not with wood density. Moreover, the forest stand of JRMSU – Tampilisan Campus reservation has a total sequestration capacity of 88.17 kT CO2.

Keywords: global warming, climate change, carbon dioxide sequestration, greenhouse gasses, forest and merchantable volume
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Title: Sea Food Flavored -Tea Product Development
Name: Rogelio M. Estacio
Abstract:

The “Sea Food Flavored Tea” was an offshoot product of the project entitled”Sea Food Flavored Tea (energy drink) Product Development and Standardization”. The purpose of the study was to determine the possibility of preparing tea from seaweeds, sea urchin test (Tripneustes gratilla) and rice powder as the primary ingredients. The sea food flavored tea product, which is a mixture of the above resource, was brought to the Department of Science and Technology- Food and Nutrition Research Institute - Taguig Metro Manila for food analysis. After which, the product was sensory evaluated by 10 trained panelist of Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University-Mid La Union Campus –Food Technology Department. Result of the study revealed that the sea food flavored tea is rich in minerals such as calcium, iodine, iron, potassium, carbohydrate, energy and other important elements which are vital for good health and nutrition. Sensory evaluation of the product was found out to be acceptable for its overall quality attributes. Microbial analysis showed no harmful microorganism detected e.g., salmonella. Mold and yeast counts were found to be an insignificant value hence, the tea is safe for human consumption.

Sea food flavored tea production and processing technology out of the sea urchin test can lead to generation of additional livelihood opportunities hence, source of income for fishermen families. The presence of macro and micronutrients of the processed product is a justification for continued development of the product.

Keywords: tea; sea food; sea urchin test utilization
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Title: E-INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH JOURNAL
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Title: The Suitability and Effectiveness of Aringay River to Fisherfolks
Name: Perla P. Quesada
Abstract:

Quesada, Perla P., “The Suitability and Effectiveness of Aringay River to Fisherfolks”, Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Graduate College, San Fernando City, La Union, February 2000. Adviser: Dr. Remedios C. Baga.

The water quality of Aringay River, Aringay, La Union, Phillipines, was monitored biweekly from May through october 1999. Three sampling stations were established along the length of the river. Station A, designated as the upstream zone; Station B. designated as midstream zone, and Station A was located at the endpoint of 1000 m measured from the point below the Aringay Bridge and going downstream; Station C was located at the endpoint of 1000 m measured from the shoreline of the Lingayen Gulf whick connects to the river rmouth and leading upstream; and Station B was located at the midsection between stations A and C.

The physico-chemical parameters monitored during the study were dissolved oxygen, pH, nitrite, phosphorous, salinity, surface current velocity. The in situ monitoring of the physical parameters with the use of YSI model Hach Kit, Including salinity, and collection of water samples for the chemical parameters were done in the afternoon, 1:00 - 3:00 pm. Values of the parameters among stations did not register statistically significant differences. nitrite, phosphate, and salinity were zero in values in the three stations throughout the study. Spearman Correlation analysis of parameters within station showed, except surface water temperature – water depth, no significant relationships. Mean Values of the parameters in the three stations are within the range that is safe and favorable for aquatic life.

Sociological survey of the perceptions on the level of effectiveness of Aringay River was conducted alongside physico-chemical monitoring. Respondents to the questionnaire and personal interview were fifteen fisherfolks selected at random from each of the five barangay located on both side of the section of the river. Statistical test results imply that fishing, fish farming and land tilling are the three sources of income among the respondents and regard each as equally beneficial. The benefits derived from on source complements or supplements the other for their daily subsistence. In the area of health and safety, most respondents perceived that benefist derived from the river contributed moderately while the rest percieved little benefits derived. In terms of education, the statistical test (ANOVA) implies that the responses of the respondents in the five barangay indicate commonness of perceptions toward the river’s benefits in terms of education. Respondents perceived that the river has potential in supporting the family’s education. As to livelihood benefits derived from the use of the river, the mean responses ranged from “none to high extent” of contribution to their livelihood or socio-economic status. In summary, the findings suggest that the level of effectiveness and suitability of the river relative to the factors considered is minimal and common to all stakeholders.

In the are of pressing problems encountered in the maintenance of Aringay River,siltation of the river system was perceived to be their highest concern.

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