E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium

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E-International Scientific Research Journal

Title: Development of Multi-Purpose Wood Lathe Machine (MWLM)
Name: Victorio C. Palabay
Abstract:
The production of soft brooms is in response to the One Town One Product (OTOP) program of the Philippine government. In the province of La Union, the upland municipalities of San Gabriel, Bagulin, Burgos, Sudipen and Santol take pride in the efficient and productive soft broom-making industry; thus, inspiring the rise of medium, small, micro entrepreneurs (MSMEs) in the province. This study aimed to develop a Multi-purpose Wood Lathe Machine MWLM), a machine that combines a circular saw with the lathe machine to be used in the production of better handles of the soft brooms. Using project development-descriptive-evaluative research design, the study proved that the design and fabrication of the MWLM is feasible. Said machine was validated by technology experts and end-users with high ratings. It was found out that the Multipurpose Wood Lathe Machine was very good in technical performance; it was very highly functional and highly acceptable. The researcher recommends its adoption and commercialization.
Keywords: Development, level of acceptability, level of functionality, level of technical performance, multi-purpose wood lathe machine.
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Title: Drying Characteristics of Commercially Important Seaweed in Cabinet-Type Drier
Name: Jaime I Manuel, Jr.
Abstract:
This study sought to develop drying technology on seaweeds particularly eucheuma spp. using cabinet type drier that will promote lesser drying time and maintain the useful substance present in the seaweeds as well as its natural color that eventually resulted to better quality dried seaweed to increase its market value. Provide additional income for seaweed growers making seaweed production attractive to coastal folks as a livelihood.

Eucheuma dried at 100oF and 150oF temperature level obtained the rating with descriptive equivalent of high in terms of color intensity. Thus the colors of the dried product at this level of drying temperatures were approximately maintained.

This study showed that a solar cabinet-type drier speeds up the drying and removal of the moisture content of the seaweed up to zero moisture reduction resulting to better color of the dried product.
Keywords: Dried eucheuma, cabinet-type drier, seaweed color intensity
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Title: Drenching Effects of Various Organic Tea on the Growth and Yield of Pole Sitaw (Sandigar Variety) Under La Union Condition, Philippines
Name: Angelita Prado
Abstract:
Use of organic sources as liquid fertilizers were tested on the growth and yield of pole sitaw (Sandigar variety), and compared with the existing recommended rate of 14-14-14. Specifically, the study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the different manure teas and seaweed extract as liquid fertilizers on the growth and yield of the vegetable and, determine which among the organic source is most effective as liquid fertilizer. It was conducted at the research experimental area of the Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Bacnotan, La Union, Philippines from April to May, 2015. Treatments were as follows: T0 – Control, 14-14-14; T1 – 50% CF + Vermicompost tea; T2 – 50% CF Sheep manure tea; T3 – 50% CF + Silkworm manure tea; T4 – 50% CF + Sargassum extract, T5 – 50% CF + Crop giant foliar fertilizer. Results showed organic liquid fertilizer is comparable as to the weight of pods per hill, number of pods per hill, and the number of marketable and non-marketable pods. Plants applied with organic liquid fertilizer sources showed higher growth rate, than those applied with 100% chemical fertilizer. Drenching any of the combined 50% chemical fertilizers plus teas from vermicompost, sheep manure, and silkworm feces teas and extract from sargassum seaweed showed similar effects. Among the organic liquid sources, vermicompost tea is very highly comparable with the control. Growing pole sitaw therefore, can be more productive by reducing 50% of the amount of chemical fertilizer and supplement it with vermicompost tea.
Keywords: pole sitaw, organic tea, organic fertilizer, sandigar variety
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Title: Fishery and Biology of Fishes Caught by Bottom Set Gill Net Fishermen in Gaang, Currimao, Ilocos Norte, Philippines
Name: Laueta Dulay, Renato Dumlao, Facundo Asia
Abstract:
The fishery and biology of fishes caught by bottom set gill net fishermen in Gaang, Currimao, Ilocos Norte was investigated in order to contribute knowledge on the fishery status of bottom set gillnet fishing and for fishery management purposes. The said coastal area has the highest number of bottom set gill netters in the locality. Twenty one bottom set gill netters were the respondents of the study.

A total of 11 fish and one invertebrate species comprised the catch during the study period from August to December 2011. Selar crumenophthalmus and Rastrelliger kanagurta comprised 64.36% by weight of the total catch. Highest monthly total catch occurred in August and declined thereon because some fishermen shifted to the use of other fishing gears. Average catch per unit effort (CPUE) ranged from 0.53 kg/hr to 0.70 kg/hr.



The biology of R. kanagurta, the most dominant species caught, was determined. Females dominated more than twice the males. A considerable proportion of the local stock underwent spawning from September to October. Length at first sexual maturity was estimated at 24.13cm which is way below the average length of catch at 19.0cm. This means that the fishes were caught before sexual maturity. Marine annelids were the most dominant food items of R. kanagurta in terms of number while gastropods were the most abundant in terms of bulk and frequency of occurrence.

Keywords: bottom set gill net, fishery, biology
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Title: Adoption of Beekeeping Technology in La Union Philippines
Name: Ma. Cristina B. Turaja, Ph.D.; Eufemia G. Crudo, Ph.D.; Pablo L. Masiong, Ph.D; Mark Santiago
Abstract:
In the Philippines, beekeeping is a viable tool for rural development having a wide diversity of flora and sustainable environment advantageous for beekeeping throughout the year. Since beekeeping is an extensive and complex process, the recommended practices have to be learned by adopters particularly the skills and knowledge to be productive and sustainable in their beekeeping project. Most of the recommended practices were partially adopted due to inadequacy of knowledge and skills, limited capital/fund, and limited time given to the project, decreasing forage areas, and expensive cost of equipment, tools and the absence of store supplies. Hence, beekeepers resort to fabrication. To promote and sustain the adoption of beekeeping technology, training has to be intensified on the recommended practices. Regular monitoring of the adopters by the trainers/NARTDI staff is to be considered, and extension of credit facilities by the LGUs is necessary. Awareness and learning experiences of the trainees have to be enhanced by extending the number of days of the training period.
Keywords: Beekeeping technology, adoption, recommended practices
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Title: Development and Field Trial of Autogenous Vaccines Against Piglet Scour
Name: Vicky A. Agpasa Alejandro S. Pelotin II Jerwin L. Delos Reyes
Abstract:
This study was conducted with the following objectives: (a) to develop effective autogenous vaccines against piglet scour; (b) to determine the most effective dose of the autogenous vaccines against piglet scour; and (c) to determine the economic feasibility of using autogenous vaccines against piglet.

Two phases of the study were conducted: phase 1 consisted the study on autogenous Escherichia coli vaccine and phase 2 consisted the study on autogenous Escherichia coli – Salmonella vaccine. A total of forty eight (48) gestating sows regardless of breed and number of parity and their subsequent litter were used in the study. In each phase, the sows were distributed into four treatments and replicated three times with two sows per replicate following Complete Randomized Design (CRD). The treatments for phase 1 were as follows: T¬0 - control (without vaccine); T1 - 107 E. coli /dose; T2 - 108 E. coli /dose; and T3 - 109 E. coli /dose; and for phase 2 were T0 - control (without vaccine); T1 – 105 E. coli + 105 Salmonella/dose; T2 – 106 E. coli + 106 Salmonella/dose; and T3 – 107 E. coli + 107 Salmonella/dose.

Escherichia coli and Salmonella were isolated, purified and mass cultivated. They were processed into autogenous vaccines. The vaccines were subjected to sterility and safety tests before administration to gestating sows a month prior to farrowing. After farrowing, the litter of each sow was observed for the occurrence of diarrhea. Data gathered were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Duncan’s Multiple range Test (DMRT).

Results revealed that autogenous vaccines such as E. coli and E.coli-Salmonella can effectively control piglet scour. A dose of 107 to 109 bacterial cell of E. coli vaccine and a dose of 107 E. coli + 107 Salmonella of autogenous E. coli-Salmonella vaccine were the most effective in vaccinating sows for passive immunity of their piglets against scour. Using autogenous E. coli and E. coli-Salmonella vaccines were cost-effective in the prevention of piglet scour.

Keywords: Autogenous Vaccine, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, piglet scour
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Title: Response of Drought Resistant Fruit Tree Species from Different Provenances to Watering Regimes under Greenhouse Conditions
Name: Gabriel V. Lucero, Ph.D., Nelly Antolin, Ph.D. and Jessie V. Ufano, Ph.D.
Abstract:
The study aims to determine the watering regime that could provide favorable germination and early growth of drought resistant fruit tree species and their provenances. Results showed more fruit tree species and their provenances recording higher germination percentage with their seeds watered twice a day ranging from 76.67% to 100% as well as the earliest to germinate with an average ranging from 1.19 days to 16.47 days. The seeds watered once a day obtained more fruit tree provenances with higher monthly height increment ranging from 0.89 cm to 7.51 cm, while the seedlings watered every two days obtained higher monthly diameter increment ranging from 0.30 mm to 0.85 mm. Seedlings of fruit tree species and their provenances with their seeds watered every other day recorded longer primary length of roots ranging from 24.05 cm to 38.62 cm, obtained heavier fresh and dry weight of roots and shoots. The seedlings with their seeds watered every two days had higher root/shoot ratio. The survival percentage of fruit tree provenances six months after transplanting in polyethylene plastic bags revealed a very high survival rate with 12 fruit tree provenances obtaining 100% while the rest had a survival percentage ranging from 96.49% to 99.65%.
Keywords: Early growth, provenances, germination percentage, roots, shoots
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Title: Response of Drought Resistant Fruit Tree Species from Different Provenances to Potting Media Ratio
Name: Gabriel V. Lucero, Ph.D. Nelly C. Antolin, Ph.D. Jessie V. Ufano, Ph.D.
Abstract:
The study aimed to determine the potting media ratio that will provide the most favorable germination and early growth of selected drought resistant fruit tree species and their provenances propagated in the nursery. There were seven fruit tree species selected for the study such as guayabano, jackfruit and tamarind with three provenances each, atis with six provenances, biriba with two provenances anonas with provenances for the yellow variety and three provenances for the red variety and atemoya with one provenance for a total of 23 fruit tree provenances that were independently studied. The studies were laid out in Complete Randomized Design with five treatments and replicated three times. Each fruit tree provenance was independently laid out and studied. Results revealed that higher germination percentage was obtained by fruit tree species in the potting media ratio with one (1) part garden soil + two (2) parts sericulture waste + 1 part sand. The earliest to germinate with an average of 9.67 days was enhanced by the potting media ratio with one (1) part garden soil + two (2) parts vermicompost + 1 part sand. The potting media ratio with vermicompost and sericulture had taller seedlings and had wider diameter increment as well as longer primary length of roots. The potting media ratio with goat manure registered higher fresh and dry weight of their roots and shoots. The potting media ratio consisting of 1 part garden soil + 2 parts vermicompost + 1 part sand, however, obtained higher root/shoot ratio of seedlings, although there were no significant results. The survival percentage of the fruit tree species and their provenances in all potting media ratios was high with 15 provenances obtaining 100 per cent survival, while the rest ranges from 96.12% to 99.33%.
Keywords: drought resistant, scion, rootstock, inarched
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Title: Sustainable Fisheries Research, Development and Extension Programs - Creating Growth of Economic Entrepreneurship for Coastal Families
Name: Jaime I Manuel, Jr.; Rogelio M. Estacio Ida C. Junio; Valentino V. Prado Anulfo B. Junio; Enone V. Tepait Gerry N. Galvez; Alin Sheick Sabiano and Richard N. Rivera
Abstract:
The Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University-North La Union Campus-Fisheries Research and Training Institute (DMMMSU-NLUC-FRTI), Paraoir, Balaoan, La Union effectively implemented research, development and extension programs/projects with the adoption of the “Systems Approach” as its underlying strategy with basic components: input, throughput and input. The Institute aimed to bring intensive research to its target clientele fisheries technologies that are profitable, sustainable, simple, affordable and accessible with relevant scientific information in maintaining the ecosystem, resource management, conservation and protection as well as improving the quality of life in the coastal families in La Union, Philippines geared towards economic stability and growth of economic entrepreneurship in the community. Research and development programs/projects were conducted and technologies were developed. Among these include Seaweed R&D, Sea Urchin R&D, Sea Cucumber R&D, Socio-Economics R&D and Gender and Development. On the other hand, an Integrated Extension Program was utilized in the implementation. These included training programs, technical assistance, communication/information services, community outreach services and technology transfer and utilization. To equipped the beneficiaries’ knowledge and skills the following trainings/capability building/activities were conducted: mariculture farming, post-harvest handling and processing of seaweeds, sea urchin and fish, CURE the Sea, coastal clean-up, technical assistance, exhibits and technology demonstrations. Based on the impact assessment performed, there was a significant rate of adoption of the developed fisheries livelihood technologies with 91% and 88.7% for mariculture farming and post-harvest handling, respectively. The System of Adoption for Fisheries Technologies was used in the technology transfer/utilization. The economic security of the beneficiaries was found to be significantly improved based on annual household income stream, household asset index, household debt levels and household savings levels with 120% increase. There was an evident of growth of economic entrepreneurship with the presence of strong economic productivity in the community.
Keywords: coastal families, development, DMMMSU, economic enterprise, extension, fisheries, livelihood, research
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  • DOWNLOAD THE FULL ARTICLE HERE - Sustainable_Fisheries_Research,_Development_and_Extension_Programs_-_Creating_Growth_of_Economic_Entrepreneurship_for_Coastal_Families_1467176042.pdf
Title: Vegetative Propagation of Drought Resistant Fruit Tree Species Through Inarching
Name: Jessie V. Ufano, PhD.
Abstract:
The study aimed to determine the growth of drought resistant fruit tree species as affected by inarching and to determine the number of seedlings that are inarched together that would give the most favorable diameter and height growth of drought resistant fruit tree species. Results showed that there was a decreasing diameter increment of the main seedling (scion) as the number of seedlings inarched to the main seedling (scion) increased. The fruit trees such as atis, guayabano, tamarind and jackfruit seedlings showed significant effect of the treatments on the diameter increment, while anonas and biriba showed no significant effect of the treatments on the diameter increment. The seedlings under the control (no inarched seedlings) had larger diameter increment indicating that the flow of nutrients had not been interrupted compared to inarched seedlings. Generally, height increment of inarched seedlings increased as the number of rootstocks inarched to the main seedling (scion) increased. Two seedlings as inarched rootstock to the main seedling (scion) can enhance height and diameter growth of the main seedling (scion). It can also provide additional root anchor of the main seedling.
Keywords: drought resistant, scion, rootstock, inarched
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Title: Drying Characteristics of Commercially Impotant Seaweed in Cabinet-Type Drier
Name: Jaime I. Manuel, Jr.
Abstract:
This study sought to develop drying technology on seaweeds particularly eucheuma spp. using cabinet type drier that will promote lesser drying time and maintain the useful substance present in the seaweeds as well as its natural color that eventually resulted to better quality dried seaweed to increase its market value. Provide additional income for seaweed growers making seaweed production attractive to coastal folks as a livelihood. Eucheuma dried at 100oF and 150oF temperature level obtained the rating with descriptive equivalent of high in terms of color intensity. Thus the colors of the dried product at this level of drying temperatures were approximately maintained. This study showed that a solar cabinet-type drier speeds up the drying and removal of the moisture content of the seaweed up to zero moisture reduction resulting to better color of the dried product.
Keywords: dried eucheuma, cabinet-type drier, seaweed color intensity
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Title: Organizational Effectiveness and Interpersonal Relations As Perceived by the CTE Faculty of the University of Northern Philippines
Name: Jose P. Pichay
Abstract:
Organizational effectiveness is the concept of how effective an organization is in achieving the outcomes the organization intends to produce. On the other hand, interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring. The College of Teacher Education is a formal organization which constitutes different individuals with diverse personalities. Interpersonal relations in the organization can affect its operation particularly the attainment of its objectives one of which is to graduate globally competent professional teachers This research is descriptive, qualitative and correlational. The researcher utilized a questionnaire and an interview technique. Results showed that the levels of interpersonal relations and organizational effectiveness high. The variables are significantly related. The researcher concluded CTE personnel have a very good interpersonal relations and organizational effectiveness. The researcher has these recommendations: To strengthen rapport, they must be in one faculty room for them to exchange academic ideas. Cliques should not be tolerated in order not to create unfriendly relations among personnel. Teachers should be more courageous in expressing what they think is right. There should be more activities wherein all personnel, can participate for them to be improved intellectually, morally and spiritually. Organizational effectiveness and interpersonal relations should also be assessed periodically to find out its status.
Keywords: Interpersonal Relations; Organizational Effectiveness; Education, Faculty, Perception
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Title: Royal Jelly Production As Affected By Different Levels Of Soybean
Name: Lolita S. Dulay, Arvin C. Tuyan, Rizalde A. Claro
Abstract:
Dulay, Lolita S. et. al. December, 2012. Royal Jelly Production as Affected by Different Levels of Soybean (Glycine max) Meal as Pollen Supplements. The study was conducted at Demo-Agritech, Raois, Bacnotan, La Union. A total of eleven (11) queenright cellbuilder colonies were used in the experiment. All treatments were equalized to similar colony strength and population – fourteen framer (14) each prior to the conduct of the study. The study aimed to determine the amount of royal jelly produced by the honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) fed with different levels of soybean (Glycine max) meal as pollen supplement. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Randomized complete Block Design (RCBD) was used to analyze and interpret data. Findings shows that T5 bears the highest consumption which is according to Winston (1987) that a larva requires 125-145mg. of protein throughout its larval period and Wade (1963), that bees fed with pollen supplement with natural pollen added their consumption which initiate and maintain brood rearing more effectively. Addition of pollen supplement to supply the needed requirement of bees in a colony is necessary to enhance the brood development of colonies. Treatment five (T5) produces 0.36gm/cell of royal jelly which (Laidlaw, 1999) stated that soybean meal as pollen supplement at varying levels increases the weight of royal jelly. Based on the result of the study, soybean meal as pollen supplement at varying levels increases royal jelly production hence this study.
Keywords: royal jelly, glycine max, soybeans
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Title: Utilization of Philippine Local Cherry (Terminalia Edulis Blanco), Soursop (Annona Muricata) and Cashew (Anacardium Occidentale) Fruits for Honey Wine Making
Name: Shirley O. Lopez, Carolyn C, Akilith, Arvin C. Tuyan
Abstract:
The study was conducted at the National Apiculture Research Training and Development Institute (NARTDI), Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University (DMMMSU), Sapilang, Bacnotan, La Union on January to December 2012. The study was designed to produce honey wines utilizing local fruit extract as flavour, and to determine the acceptability of the produced wines. There were three (3) local fruit that were used in the study: cherry (Terminalia edulis BLANCO), soursop (Annona muricata), and cashew (Anacardium occidentale). The honey wines were prepared following the standard procedure of wine preparations. The wines were subjected to physico-chemical analysis at the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), and a sensory evaluation by nine (9) trained panelists from the University and twenty (20) wine drinkers in the locality. The results of evaluation were analyzed using Analysis of Variance and the Kendall’s W Test. Based on the result of the study, the honey wines flavoured with the fruit extracts had the desirable attributes for wines which were acceptable by the trained panelists and the wine drinkers.
Keywords: Honey wines, local cherry, soursop, cashew
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  • DOWNLOAD THE FULL ARTICLE HERE - Utilization_of_Philippine_Local_Cherry_(Terminalia_Edulis_Blanco),_Soursop_(Annona_Muricata),_Land_Cashew_(Anacardium_Occidentale)_Fruits_for_Honey_Wine_1467255241.pdf
Title: Development and Standardization of Honey Soap
Name: Shirley O. Lopez, Carolyn C, Akilith, Arvin C. Tuyan
Abstract:
The study entitled “Development and Standardization of Honey Soap” was conducted at the National Apiculture Research Training and Development Institute (NARTDI), Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University (DMMMSU), Sapilang, Bacnotan, La Union on January to December 2012. This study was conducted to develop and standardize the formulation and processing of honey soap. The study was laid out using the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) and Kendall’s W Test for treatment comparisons. There were three (3) treatments used in the study. The ingredients in each treatment were of the same quantity except for honey which had 5%, 1% and 2% for treatment I, II, and III respectively. Other ingredients used were lye which had a volume of 93 g, 165 g oil, 6 g beeswax, 4 g CDEA, and 4 g glycerine. The percentage volume of honey used in each treatment was based on the amount of oil ingredient. The soaps produced were subjected to sensory and effect evaluation. Results showed that the honey soaps with 5% honey was the best and was comparable to the commercial soap which was used as control in the study.
Keywords: Honey Soap, bee, wax, pollen, propolis, royal jelly
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Title: Collection, Maintenance and Evaluation of Apis mellifera Queens from the Selected Beekeepers in the Philippines(Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao)
Name: Lolita S. Dulay, Arvin C. Tuyan, Rizalde A. Claro
Abstract:
Dulay, Lolita S. et. al. June 2010. Collection, maintenance and evaluation of Apis mellifera (F1) queen bees from selected beekeepers in the Philippines (Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao). The experimental treatments were situated at Baroro and Narra, Bacnoptan, La Union. All the treatments were standardized and subjected to similar environmental conditions and from July 01, 2008 to June 30, 2010. The study aimed to evaluate the performance of the different queens from Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao in terms of rate of laying, laying pattern, temperament, hygienic characteristics, pollen and honey stores. Based from the result of the study, queens produced by beekeepers form Luzon and Visayas posted good layers, queens from Luzon and Mindanao have gentle temperament while Visayas queens were slightly aggressive. Luzon queen 86% hygienic, Visayas queens were 75% hygienic while Mindanao queens were only 52.33% hygienic.
Keywords: Apis mellifera Queens, Selected Beekeepers
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Title: Assessment of Naturally Mated Queens Honeybees Produced by NARTDI Dispersed to Beekeepers in Region I
Name: Lolita S. Dulay, Arvin C. Tuyan, Rizalde A. Claro
Abstract:
Dulay, Lolita S. et. al. June 2010. Assessment of Naturally Mated Queen Honeybees Produced by NARTDI Dispersed to Beekeepers in Region I. The study conducted was in the four provinces of Region I: Pangasinan, La Union, Ilocos Sur, and Ilocos Norte from September 2008 to December 2009, to assess the performance of the queen honeybees produced by NARTDI in terms of their rate of laying, laying pattern, temperament and honey stores. A total of sixteen (16) beekeepers served as respondents with eighteen (18) queen honeybees subjected in the study. Based from the result of the study, queen honeybee produced by NARTDI posed excellent egg layer, with solid brood pattern, gentle in temperament and good honey producers. Birds are the most destructive predators of the honeybees.
Keywords: mated queen, excellent egg layer, honeybees, beekeepers
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Title: Development and Acceptability of Seaweed Paper and Utility Bags
Name: Arnulfo Junio
Abstract:
This study aimed to develop novelty paper and utility paper bags from blends of unutilized seaweeds and paper scraps. Three mixture ratios of seaweed powder and scrap paper and the control ( paper from paper scraps only)) were used as treatments in the study. Each mixture was developed into flat sheets of paper. Complete physical paper testing was done. Results showed that mixture ratio of 1 part of seaweed powder to every 2 parts scrap paper obtained the following characteristics: air permeability , 60 gsm, Gus – 22.8; thickness, µm- 2.58; density (bulk) kg/cu.m – 582; basis wt, g/m2 – 150.2; tear index mN m2/g- 3.92; tensile index Nm/g- 14.3; percent elongation – 2.31 and folding endurance @ 65 gsm (double fold)- 3.3 . All mixture ratios of the developed handmade paper from blends of seaweed and scrap paper were found to be highly acceptable in terms of color, texture odor and appearance. Mixture ratio of 1:1 of utility bags was preferred by the respondents with a highly acceptable rating as to its quality attributes. Mixture ratio of 1:3 has the lowest return on expenses with a cost per bag of PhP 0.942/bag. At 500 pcs of bags sold per day at PhP2.50 SRP, a return on expenses was estimated at 62.12%.
Keywords: eco-friendly, recycling, scrap paper, seaweed, utility paper bag
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