E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium

World Electronic Journals Impact Factor



E-International Scientific Research Journal

Title: ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN OF Staphylococcus aureus ISOLATED FROM SURGICAL WOUND OF PATIENTS IN JOS UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, NORTHCENTRAL NIGERIA
Name: Idighri, M. N.and Nedolisa, A.C, Egbujo, E.C
Abstract:
Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from 200 cases of surgical wounds of patients attending Jos University Teaching Hospital were examined. Out of the 200 samples examined Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in 61(30.5%). Others isolated were Proteus spp 38(19%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 34(17.5%), Escherichia coli 29(14.5%), Klebsiella spp 25(12.5%), Streptococcus spp 3(1.5%) and Alkagenes 1(0.5%). No bacteria were isolated in nine (9) samples. The age group with the highest number of isolate was (21-30) with a frequency of 50%. Females (32%) were more infected than male (30%). The overall profile of susceptibility pattern showed that Gentamycin and Erythromycin were more sensitive 89% and 74% respectively and Penicillin was the least sensitive 26%. The result of the study shows that Gentamycin and Erythromycin are more effective in the management of Staphylococcus aureus in this locality.
Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, surgical wounds,
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Title: SEROLOGICAL EVALUATION OF IMMUNITY AGAINST MEASLES IN CHILDREN ATTENDING MURTALA MOHAMMED SPEACIALIST HOSPITAL, KANO-NIGERIA
Name: Hamid, K.M, Mukhtar, M.D, Arzai, A.H, Yusuf,I, Mohammed, A.H, Mainasara, A.S and Tofa, U.A
Abstract:
Measles immunity status in Kano state has never been assessed, this study serve as relevant serological evidence and a source of data for future references on measles immunity among children in Kano. It was the interest of this research to determine the measles immunity status of 500 children aged less than 10 years. Blood sample from 500 children aged
Keywords: Measles, Haemagglutination Inhibition, Antibody, Immunity, vaccination, Kano.
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Title: OVERVIEW OF SYNTHESIS AND ACTIVITY OF COUMARINS
Name: Monga Paramjeet K., Sharma Dipak, and Dubey Arti
Abstract:
Coumarins is well known plant derived natural product which is extensively used as a biological active compound. Natural and synthetic coumarins were verified to have antioxidant, anti inflammatory, anticoagulation, estrogenic, dermal photosensitizing, vasodilator, molluscicidal, anti helmentic, sedative, hypnotic, analgesic, hypothermic and antiulcer activities. The utility of microwaves in coumarins synthesis is now receiving considerable attention. Formation of coumarin derivatives using microwave irradiation in excellent yields, solvent free reactions condition with good purity. Dietary exposure to benzopyrones is quite significant, as these compounds are found in vegetables, fruits, seeds, nuts, coffee, tea and wine. It is estimated that the average western diet contains approximately 1 gm day of mixed benzopyrones. This review is based on recent studies of coumarins and coumarin related compounds. Therefore the focus will be on these relevant compounds and their pharmacological importance along with the various microwave synthesis method and its comparison with conventional method of synthesis.
Keywords: Coumarin, microwave synthesis, pharmacological activities, SAR, various synthesis.
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Title: STUDY OF ZOOPLANKTON DIVERSITY AND SEASONAL VARIATION WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN TULSHI RESERVOIR OF KOLHAPUR DISTRICT (M.S.), INDIA
Name: K. B. Koli, D. V. Muley.
Abstract:
Zooplanktons are microscopic organisms, acts as integral components of aquatic food web and contribute significantly to productivity of freshwater ecosystems. They are performing at second trophic level in energy flow and switch over to conversion of detritus matter into edible animal food. In this study, we tried to assess the zooplankton species richness, diversity, evenness and to predict the state of Tulshi reservoir according to physico-chemical parameters. The water samples were collected fortnightly from different sites and studied the zooplankton diversity. During present study, the physico-chemical parameters like atmospheric temperature, water temperature, turbidity, pH, dissolved oxygen, salinity, total dissolved solids, chlorides, hardness, biological oxygen demand and the plant nutrients like phosphates and nitrates were determined. A total 39 species of zooplanktons have been found, of which 15 species of Rotifer, 12 species of Copepod, 10 species of Cladocera and 2 species of Ostracoda have been found. Zooplankton population showed positive significant co-relation with physico-chemical parameters like temperature, alkalinity, phosphate, hardness and BOD. Whereas negatively correlated with rainfall and salinity. Seasonal variations in zooplanktons was observed. The physico-chemical parameters of Tulshi reservoir were suitable for the growth of aquatic biota and represent a resource for scientific management of pisciculture practices by taking some precautions.
Keywords: Tulshi reservoir, Zooplankton diversity, seasonal variation, Physico-chemical parameters.
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Title: SPECIES DISTRIBUTION OF SPIDERS IN BARPETA DISTRICT OF ASSAM: A DIVERSITY MEASURE
Name: Suruchi Singh , A. Borkotoki and C. K. Sarmah
Abstract:
The study of spider fauna of state Assam has not been comprehensively carried out. Our present work has been an attempt to provide relevant information regarding spiders, which would be the baseline documentation for the future studies in the state Assam or for Northeastern part of the nation. The study area, Barpeta district of the state Assam, lies between Latitudes 2605’ N to 26049’ N and Longitudes 90039’E to 91017’E covering an area of 3245 sq Km. A survey was carried out during June 2008 to May 2011 in different ecosystem of this area to assess the spider diversity. Many specimens were collected by visual search methods and preserved in 70% ethyl alcohol .The specimens were identified in Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata. This paper has been started with the spider distribution in the district and concluded with the alpha, beta and gamma diversity estimation. It is documented that 69 spider species from different habitats of the different blocks of Barpeta District.
Keywords: Barpeta, spider distribution, diversity estimation, web.
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Title: EXISTING AND EMERGING RISKS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS GEO-HYDROLOGICAL HAZARDS IN HINDU KUSH HIMALAYA REGION: A COMPLEMENTARY STUDY
Name: Pradeep K. Rawat and Hari Krishna Nibanupudi
Abstract:
Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region is highly vulnerable for tectonic and hydrological hazards and cause great loss to life and property and poses serious threat to the process of development with have far-reaching economic and social consequences. Neo-tectonic activities along several active thrusts and faults responsible for earthquake disasters whereas climate change and land use degradation accelerating the water-induced disasters such as flash flood, river-line flood, erosion, wet mass movement during monsoon period and drought in non-monsoon period as drying up of natural water springs and streams. The main objective of the study was to assess the existing and emerging risks of climate change and its geo-hydrological hazards in Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. The study carried out using secondary data on disasters and their impacts within the countries in HKH region (i.e. Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan). Data have been obtained from some international leading database management agencies (EM-Data etc.) and also through some pioneer published research work on disasters. Result of the present study shows that the region experienced increasing frequency of tectonic and hydrological hazards. Hydrological hazards are among the more devastating types of hazard as they occur rapidly with little lead time for warning, and transport tremendous amounts of water and debris at high velocity. Disasters affect thousands of people in the HKH region every year by losing their lives, homes, and livelihoods along with expensive infrastructure. Data analysis suggesting that out of total annual disaster in HKH region 14% are earthquake and landslide disaster, 48% are hydrological disasters (i.e.36% flood, 9% mass movement, 3% drought) whereas 38% are other types of disasters such as storm (23%), wild fire (1%), extreme temperature (6%), epidemic (8%). Results concluded that hazard events increasing with the growth rate of 6% each year in the region. Subsequently human casualties increasing with the rate of 9% each year whereas affected people and infrastructural loss increasing with that rate of respectively 6% and 4% each year. Because of the high growth rates of the existing risks level expected that the emerging risk has the potential to evolve into extreme events.
Keywords: Tectonic Hazards, Hydrological Hazards, Socio-economic Risks, HKH
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